THE ETHICS OF SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATION IN THE JOURNAL “FEDERALISM”
In the sphere of publications’ ethics the policy of the journal is based on the provisions of international standards and principles of ethics of scientific publications of the Committee on publications’ ethics (COPE). The following standards of conduct must be respected as the general principles for publishing researches in the journal “Federalism”.
STANDARDS OF EDITORIAL BOARD CONDUCT
The decision to publish
The Editorial Board of “Federalism” journal takes decisions about publishing independently, basing on the comments of Reviewers. The solution is based on the scientific significance of the work under consideration.
The Editor and all of the editorial staff should not disclose the information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers and other editorial advisers. The Editor and the Editorial staff have no right to use unpublished materials containing in the submitted manuscript in their own research without the written consent of the author.
Oversight of publications
The Edition, having convincing evidence that the statements or the conclusions, presented in the publication are wrong, should take steps to expedite the prompt notification about the undertaken modification or withdrawal of the publication.
PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN THE ACTIVITIES OF THE EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
In his activities the editor-in- chief is responsible for the publication of the authors’ works, and it imposes for him the necessity to steer the following fundamental principles:
- When deciding upon the publication, the editor-in- chief of the journal is guided with the reliability of data presentation and the scientific significance of the work.
- Editor-in-chief should evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, social status or political preferences of the authors.
- Unpublished materials disclosed in the submitted manuscript should not be used for the personal purposes or transferred to third parties without written consent of the author. Information or ideas obtained while editing and related to the possible advantages must be kept confidential and cannot be used with the aim to gain personal benefits.
- The editor-in-chief should not permit to publish the information if there is sufficient reason to suppose that it is plagiarism.
- The editor-in-chief in his activities should:
- constantly improve the journal;
- follow the principle of freedom of opinions;
- strive to meet the needs of readers and authors of the journal;
- take the decision about publishing the materials according to the following main criteria: the manuscript fits the scope of the journal; the relevance, the novelty and the scientific significance of the submitted article; clarity; the reliability of results and the completeness of the conclusions. The quality of the research and its relevance are the basis for the decision about the publication;
- undertake all reasonable measures to ensure the high quality of published materials and protecting the privacy of personal information;
- take into consideration the recommendations of the reviewers in coming to a final decision about the publication of the article;
- prove his decision in the case of adoption or rejection of the article;
- provide the author of the material under review the opportunity to prove his research position;
- changing the composition of the Editorial board not to overrule previous decisions about the publication of the material.
- The editor-in-chief together with the Editorial Board should not leave unanswered complaints, concerning the manuscripts considered or published materials as well as in any conflict situation undertake all necessary measures for the restoration of the violated rights.
STANDARDS OF REVIEWERS’ CONDUCT
The influence on editorial decisions
Reviewing is a necessary link in the scientific communications. Peer review assists the editors to make a decision about the publication and the author to improve the quality of his work. The publisher shares the view that all scientists, who wish to contribute to the publications, are required to be actively involved in reviewing manuscripts.
Sense of duty
If the reviewer understands that he is not qualified to review the given manuscript or has no time for quick execution of this work, he should notify the editor.
Any manuscript, received for the review, must be treated as a confidential document. It is unacceptable to show it to other reviewers or to discuss it with other experts without prior permission of the editor-in-chief.
The reviewer is obliged to provide objective evaluation. Personal criticism of the author is unacceptable. Reviewers should clearly and reasonably express their opinion.
Acknowledgement of sources
Reviewers should identify published works relevant to the topic and not included in the bibliography to the manuscript. For each statement (observation, conclusion or argument), previously published, the manuscript must be accompanied by the relevant bibliographic references. The reviewer should also draw the editors' attention to any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other similar published paper in the sphere of the scientific competence of the Reviewer.
STANDARDS OF THE AUTHORS’ BEHAVIOR
Authors give consent to the processing of their personal data in accordance with article 6 of the Federal law "On the personal data" of 27th. 07. 2006. ¹152-FZ.
The authors (or the group of the authors), supplying the materials to the scientific journal, realize that they bear primary responsibility for novelty and validity of the scientific research results.
Ethical principles that should guide the author of a scientific publication
- The author guarantees the submission of the fully original work.
- The author should not publish the manuscript, mostly devoted to the same research, as original more than in one journal.
- The author should not submit for the consideration in another journal a previously published article.
- The paper should contain sufficient details and bibliographic references for the possible reproduction of the research.
- If some elements of a manuscript have been previously published, the author is obliged to refer to the earlier work and to indicate the differences of a new work from the previous one.
Originality and plagiarism
Authors should guarantee that they have presented fully original work (in the cover letter the author should indicate that the work is published for the first time). In the case of the use of works or statements of other authors, it’s necessary to provide appropriate bibliographic references. Plagiarism can exist in many forms: the presentation of the work of someone else as the author’ one; copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of other works (without attribution of the authorship); a statement of the own rights on the results of outsider research. Plagiarism in all forms constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.
Data access and storage
Authors may be asked to provide the raw data for the editorial review. They should be ready to provide open access to such data if possible, and in any case the authors must be prepared to keep the raw materials within a reasonable period of time after their publication.
The multiplicity and simultaneity of publications
Publication of some kinds of articles (e.g., translated articles) in more than one journal is allowed in some cases subject to abidance certain conditions. The Authors and the Editors of the journals, who take interest, must agree to the secondary publication, which necessarily represents the same data and interpretation as the primary published work. The bibliography of the primary works should be presented in the second publication.
Acknowledgement of sources
Recognition of the other authors’ contribution is always necessary. The authors should cite publications which have significance for the execution of the work presented. The data, obtained in the course of a private conversation, correspondence, or in the process of discussion with the third parties, should not be used or presented without explicit written permission of the source.
The authors of the publication should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution or interpretation of the research presented. The author should ensure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the work and agreed to its submission for publication.
Significant errors in the published works
In case, when the author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in the publication, he should inform the Editorial board of the journal and interact with it with the aim of prompt withdrawal of the publication or the correction of errors. If the Editorial board or the Publisher have received information from the third party that a published work contains a significant error, the author is obliged to withdraw the work or to correct errors in the shortest possible time. The authors must respect the work of the Editorial board and reviewers and eliminate the shortages or well argued explain them.
THE VIOLATIONS OF PUBLICATION’S ETHICS
In case of the situation, involving the violation of the publications’ ethics on the part of editor, author or reviewer, it’s necessary to hold obligatory investigation. This requirement applies to both published and unpublished materials. The Editorial board is obliged to require clarifications, without the involvement of persons who may have conflict of interest with one of the parties.
The Editorial board of "Federalism" journal protects authors and refers attentively to all cases of detecting plagiarism in the articles. In order to ensure objectivity, the Editorial board thoroughly examines each case and considers the arguments of all interested parties.
Before undertaking further actions the Editorial board strives to obtain the most accurate information from the authors of the controversial publication or the copyright holders and studies it. The decision of the Editorial board is impartial, objective and doesn’t depend on the third parties.
Manuscripts of authors, providing an article to the journal, which was sent earlier to another journal and is under consideration, as well as the article, already published in another journal, further on for the publication in "Federalism" journal will not be accepted.
If the individual elements of the manuscript have been previously published, the author must refer to the earlier published work and indicate the differences between a new work and the previous one. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements are treated as unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.
The author bears full responsibility for the illegal use in the scientific article of the objects of intellectual property, of copyrights or "know-how" in accordance with the acting legislation of the Russian Federation.