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"FEDERALIZM" #1 (85) 2017

REGIONS AND CENTRE

Eugeniy BUKHVALD

Evolution of the regional policy basics in the Russian Federation

The transition to a new phase of the federal policy of regional development, acting as an important component of the strategic planning system, requires the solution of a wide range of issues, relating to the regulation of the spatial structure of the economy. Many of these issues are reflected in «Basics of the state policy of regional development of the Russian Federation until 2025», approved by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation in early 2017. These «Basics...» replaced the legal document of the same orientation, issued in 1996. Since «Basics...» don’t constitute the final document in the sphere of spatial strategies, key priorities of regional policy in the country, as well as institutions and instruments for their practical implementation, should be specified further on in the «Strategy of spatial development of the Russian economy». Of growing importance is at the moment the coordination of objectives and instruments of the spatial development strategy with the perfection of economic and legal foundations of federal relations and local self-government in the Russian Federation, as well as the increased targeting of state support to regions on the basis of their classification as objects of such support.

Keywords: federal relations, regional development policy, spatial regulation, strategic planning, subjects of Federation

BUKHVALD Eugeniy M., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Deputy Editor in chief, Professor, Head of the Centre of federal relations and regional development, Institute of Economics, RAS; e-mail: buchvald@mail.ru


Milena GLIGICH-ZOLOTAREVA

New Foundations of the regional development policy of the Russian Federation

In January this year took place a remarkable event for the whole country. The Foundations of the Russian state policy of regional development for the period till 2025 were approved by the RF President Decree on the 16th of January. As soon as the document appeared, it has become a historical one. However, are these Foundations capable to solve long-term problems of the regional policy and to guarantee the development of the country’s territories as well as its economic and human potential? The article considers legal regulation of regional policy issues during last 20 years and the novellas of the Foundations of the state policy of the regional development. As an instrument for the solution of the problems of the powers’ separation the author suggests to establish a Unified powers’ registry of the federal state bodies, of the state bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation and the bodies of local self-government in the form of consistently updated Internet portal.

Keywords: Foundations of regional development, inventory of expenditure powers, regional policy, separation of powers, state programs, strategic planning, subjects of the Russian Federation, unified register of powers

GLIGICH-ZOLOTAREVA Milena V., Cand. Sc. (Law), senior scientific researcher, Institute of Economics, RAS; e-mail: milena-gligic@yandex.ru


Alexandra ODINTSOVA

How to estimate the level of sustainability of municipalities’ development?

The development of municipalities’ strategic planning stays in line with the global trends. The mechanisms of goal-setting, analysis of strengths and weaknesses of municipalities, scenario approach, continuity of planning and other methods are actively introduced in the process of strategies’ elaboration. At the same time, comparative analysis shows that while in the developed countries strategic planning is used as a tool for sustainable development policy, the situation in Russia is different. Despite the fact that many of the adopted strategies include activities, necessary for the transition to sustainable development, the declared goals in their overwhelming majority ignore this need. The article proves that the inclusion of the main principles of sustainable development in the practice of strategic planning answer not only Russia’s interests, but also corresponds to the current trends of local self-government development.

Keywords: local government, municipality, strategic planning, strategy of municipality, sustainable development

ODINTSOVA Alexandra V., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), leading scientific researcher, Institute of Economics, RAS; e-mail: Aleksod@yandex.ru

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS

German VLASKIN

INNOVATION POTENTIAL OF BIG BUSINESS IN RUSSIA

Big business plays an important role in the Russian economy. For many regions of the Russian Federation it represents some kind of the framework, which determines the development direction for the economy of regions. Via directing innovation policy measures to support innovations in big business, the state can create a mechanism for accelerating the innovation activity both in the economy as a whole and in its regional link. The article examines the barriers, which limit the innovation susceptibility of big business, and outlines the prospects for overcoming them. Special attention is paid to the use of the mechanisms of strategic management, to the need to improve innovative development programs, other measures of state support and stimulating the elaboration and the implementation of innovations and high technologies.

Keywords: high technologies, innovations, innovative development programs, investments, large state and private companies, R&D, strategic management

VLASKIN German A., Cand. Sc. (Econ.), leading scientific researcher, Institute of Economics, RAS; e-mail: vlaskin34@mail.ru


Stalina BELOZEROVA

On the nature of the re-industrialization and the regulation of social processes

Transfer of the industry to new technologies is accompanied by the formation of new social relations. This requires, on the one hand, the coordination of interests of all parties involved: the state, the owners (shareholders) and employees; on the other hand, – new principles in the organization of wages on the basis of an individual assessment of labour and functions, carried out by the employee. The above mentioned transformation requires appropriate changes in legislation. Some experience in the regulation of social and economic relations at the stage of the transition to new technologies has been accumulated by developed countries. This experience has gained development in the form of «social control» and requires practical implementation regarding specifics of socio-economic development of Russia.

Keywords: industry, interests, machine building, metal processing, regulation, re-industrialization, social and economic relations, technologies

BELOZEROVA Stalina M., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), leading scientific researcher, Institute of Economics, RAS; e-mail: stalina@smtp.ru

QUESTIONS OF LAW

Ivan LEKSIN

STATE SOVEREIGNTY: THE ILLUSION OF CONCEPTUAL DIVERSITY AND THE VARIETY OF CONCEPTUAL ILLUSIONS

The paper considers a number of conceptual problems typical for the current stage of comprehension of the state sovereignty phenomenon. The author disputes the usage of the aggregate term «sovereignty» and criticizes the perception to the history of scientific examination of sovereignty as an integral process. At the same time, an attempt is made in the article to reconcile separate conceptual trends in the study of sovereignty on the basis of recognition of the differences in their subjects. The author recommends to understand state sovereignty in purely legal sense as a recognized ability to establish legal order within a certain territory, and proves the equating of state sovereignty to the actual selfstanding and independence, as well as equating of the absolute sovereignty to the omnipotence. The paper reveals the methodological fallacy of the typical objections to the idea of state sovereignty, and concludes that decent alternatives to this concept had not yet been developed.

Keywords: absolute authority, international law, law-and-order, nation-state, popular sovereignty, state sovereignty

LEKSIN Ivan V., Dr. Sc. (Law), Professor of the Chair of legal grounds of management, Faculty of Public Administration; Lomonosov Moscow State University; e-mail: leksin@spa.msu.ru


Victoria UMANSKAYA

The balance of public and private interests in the state administration

Provision and protection of public interests is one of the most important obligations of the state. The article considers the problem of ensuring balance of public and private interest in the law. Violation of balance of state and personal interests occurs as a result of legal contradictions, logical violation of legal regulation, emergence of legal gaps and collisions. The absence of balance between public and private interests undermines the level of public confidence in the system of public administration, reduces the general level of sense of justice. All this determines the need to change legal priorities and to adopt the laws, which would promote the realization of citizens’ rights and provide real mechanisms for the protection of citizens and businesses in legal relations with public authorities and officials.

Keywords: state administration, mechanisms of legal regulation, public and private interests

UMANSKAYA Victoria P., Dr. Sc. (Law), Associate Professor, Chief consultant of the Analytical Department of the Council of Federation; e-mail: umanskaia@mail.ru

ANALITICAL NOTES

Denis DOMASCHENKO

The banking sector as a source of economic growth in Russia

The return of the growth rates of the Russian economy to pre-crisis indicators is impossible without structural reforms or a significant recovery of oil prices. In the financial system the transition to a floating ruble rate made it possible to equalize promptly oil and gas revenues of the federal budget. However, strategic decisions in the field of budgetary federalism, industrial policy and expansion of investments haven’t been taken yet. The banking system cannot act as the provider of economic growth because of the regulatory restrictions and high risks. The banking system will be able to support economic growth only after the profitability indicators of enterprises reach the levels which would exceed the costs of servicing the accumulated debt of the borrowers.

Keywords: banking system, commercial banks, development strategy, real sector crediting

DOMASCHENKO Denis V., Cand. Sc. (Econ.), The Head of the Laboratory for studies of monetary-credit system and financial markets’ analysis of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: dendv@rambler.ru


Zhanna ZAKHAROVA

The state concession policy in the sphere of housing and communal services

The paper proves that under the conditions of market economy, in the sector of public utilities a number of negative trends still remain sustainable. These problems require investing a significant amount of resources through the involvement of private capital, mainly via concessions. In the paper on the basis of the existing experience of concession agreements in the sectors f municipal infrastructure, the author identifies the factors, contributing to the successful implementation of concessions, and highlights the positive effects of concessions. Also the paper outlines the main directions of the state concessions’ policy and the necessary conditions for its implementation at the present stage of interaction between the state and the private capital in the sectors of municipal infrastructure.

Keywords: concession, long-term financial instruments, state concessions’ policy, municipal infrastructure branches, the effects of concessions

ZAKHAROVA Zhanna A., Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Associate professor, Ñhair of state and municipal management, Vladimir branch of the Russian Academy of national economy and state service under the President of the Russian Federation; e-mail: zjane77@mail.ru

YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Sergey GURINOV

NEW OPPORTUNITIES OF LENDING TO RUSSIAN REGIONS

At the end of 2016 the Government of the Russian Federation has completed big work, concerning the inventory of the authorities of the bodies of state power of the subjects of the Russian Federation. The results of this inventory are already taken into account starting this year in the methodic of grants’ distribution for the financial provision equalization of the subjects of the Russian Federation. However, still there are unresolved question of the sufficiency of the revenue sources for budgets of the subjects of the Russian Federation for the financial provision of expenditure commitments. An important task is the solution of the question of the adjustment of the mechanism of lending to regions in order to promote the implementation of the subjects of the Federation regional development programs and support the regions with low fiscal capacity. Today, the majority of the subjects of the Russian Federation in one form or another actively involve borrowing and in some cases their debt has already exceeded their own revenues. Meanwhile, it’s impossible to overload this burden on the federal budget, but not all the regions can attract market borrowing due to the its high price. The article analyzes the situation with the debt burden in the subjects of the Russian Federation as a deterrent factor for the development regions’ programs and, as a consequence, the introduction of strategic planning. The paper outlines the directions for the solution of this problem.

Keywords: budget balance, loans, monetization, public debt of regions, regional budget, regional policy, strategic planning, sustainability

GURINOV Sergey N., Postgraduate student of the Chair of national and regional economy, Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: gurinovsn@mail.ru


Vladimir KULEBAKIN

THE EFFECTIVENESS AND QUALITY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

During last few years Russia faced the inevitable need of qualitative increasing the following indicators: strengthening the economy and GDP growth, economic diversification, conducting technological and administrational modernization, increasing investment attractiveness, etc. These tasks are traditionally accomplished with the use of a huge number of program measures in all fields of public administration. However, the effectiveness of these measures is limited with a usual for Russia problem: low effectiveness of the bureaucratic apparatus. In this article, the author tries to determine how to eliminate these obstacles, which restrain the global state modernization. According to the author, on one hand, the key solution is the use of the methodology of creating effective management systems, which are used by commercial organizations, borrowing the best practices of foreign countries; on the other hand, that is transferring some functions of providing public services to non-state (including commercial) organizations to create a market of public services with a healthy competitive environment among providers of public services.

Keywords: creating effective management systems, effectiveness of public administration, innovations in public administration

KULEBAKIN Vladimir A., À graduate student of the Institute of State and Law, Tyumen state university; e-mail: vkul@yandex.ru


Olga LUPININA

RUSSIAN MONOTOWNS’ DEVELOPMENT IN MODERN CONDITIONS

Sustainable economic development of the country depends on the efficient functioning of its constituent territories. Currently, the most of the municipalities in the Russian Federation are characterized with a low level of socio-economic development and belongs to the subsidised units. The most difficult situation is observed in the municipalities with mono-profile production (monotowns), where social provision and economic development opportunities depend on the activity of the only one city-forming enterprise. On the economic situation with such enterprise depends the welfare of the population. However, the low productive capacity of the outdated enterprises has a negative impact both on economic performance of the respective municipalities and on the evolving social situation there.

Keywords: management of social and economic development of the territory, management of the development of mono-profile municipalities, monotowns, regional policy

LUPININA Olga A., Postgraduate student of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: lupinina.oa@rea.ru


Vladislav SIVACHEV

THE RIGHT OF CITIZENS FOR HOUSING IN THE SYSTEM OF CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS OF MAN AND CITIZEN

Despite the fact that the right for housing is formalized in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and in international acts, there is no «housing» definition in the Constitution of the Russian Federation and as well in the Housing Code of the Russian Federation. As a result, there are problems with the definition of the «right for housing» concept. Definition of «housing», available in the scientific literature, is not universal. In this regard, the author offers his own interpretation of the content of «housing». To his opinion, the «right to housing» comes down to the following opportunities: to be provided with housing, to be able to use existing housing, to protect oneself from arbitrary deprivation of housing, as well as to improve the housing conditions. By setting the place of the «right to housing» concept within a number of socio-economic rights, the author comes to the conclusion about close connection of «right to housing» with other kinds of rights and freedoms of man and citizen.

Keywords: constitution of the Russian Federation, housing, human rights and freedoms, right of citizens for housing, the standard of living

SIVACHEV Vladislav I., Postgraduate of Department of Constitutional and Municipal Law, Institute of State and Law, Tyumen State University; e-mail: siwa4ov@yandex.ru


Vladimir TRETYAKOV

THE LEGAL REGULATION OF RELATIONS IN THE SPHERE OF PROPERTY DISTRIBUTION BETWEEN PUBLIC LEGAL ENTITIES

The analysis of information concerning the activities of the state bodies and the bodies of local self-government gives the evidence of the intensity of the processes of property redistribution between public legal entities. However to day the legal regulation of this sphere of social relations is not systematic. The relevant legal institution is represented by a significant number of normative legal acts of both federal and regional level. Since the above stated legal institution has not lost its relevance as an essential attribute of the institute of authorities’ redistribution, the author suggests to undertake all reasonable steps for the systematization of the existing legal acts in this sphere.

Keywords: management of state and municipal property, public property, public estate, separation of state property

TRETYAKOV Vladimir S., The Head of Legal Sub-Department of the Department of Property Relations of the Tyumen region; e-mail: tretjakov@me.com