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"FEDERALIZM" #1 (77) 2015

NATIONAL INNOVATIONAL SYSTEMS

Sergey VALENTEI, Stalina BELOZEROVA, Evgeniy BUSHMIN, Vladimir BURLACHKOV, Evgeniy BUKHVALD, Galina GAGARINA, Kseniya YEKIMOVA, Elena ZVONOVA, Milena GLIGICH-ZOLOTAREVA, Irina KARAVAEVA, Anastasiya KNYAZEVA, Lyubov MARSHAVINA, Larisa PAVLOVA, Vladimir SLEPOV, Elena USTYUZHANINA, Ruslan KHASBULATOV

Re-industrialization of the Russian economy or the continuation of the liberal course?

Modern problems of the domestic economy have been caused not only with sanctions, but mainly with the misguided policy of liberalization. For more than 20 years this policy was based on the idea of minimization the state’s participation in the technological upgrading of the domestic industry; in the regulation of labour relations; in labour resources’ training. As a result, domestic engineering – the basis of economic growth – is or destroyed, or is out of date to the extent, which is unable not only to respond to the challenges of the XXIth century, but as well to ensure the economic security of the country under sanctions. In this very direction operated limiting the regions’ participation in the development of industrial potential. Due to these and other reasons, the level of tasks, which should be solved in Russia, is at present very similar to those, resolved in the late 1920-s on the eve of the industrialization of Soviet industry.

Keywords: fiscal and budget instruments, municipalities, regions, re-industrialization, social and labor relations, strategic planning

VALENTEI Sergey D., Editor in chief, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Scientific Leader of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: SValentey@yandex.ru
BELOZEROVA Stalina M., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), leading scientific researcher, Institute of Economics, RAS; e-mail: stalina_m@sumail.ru
BUSHMIN Evgeniy V., Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Deputy Chairman of the Council of Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation; e-mail: bushmin@senat.gov.ru
BURLACHKOV Vladimir K., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor of the Chair of International Finance of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University); e-mail: vkburk@gmail.com
BUKHVALD Evgeniy M., Deputy Editor in chief, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Head of the Centre of federal relations and regional development, Institute of Economics, RAS; e-mail: buchvald@mail.ru
GAGARINA Galina Yu., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Head of the Chair of National and Regional Economy
of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: galina_gagarina@ mail.ru
YEKIMOVA Kseniya V., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Head of the Department of organization of scientific research of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: ekimovak2003@yandex.ru
ZVONOVA Elena A., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor of the Chair of Finance and Prices of the Plekhanov
Russian University of Economics; Head of the Chair «World finance» of the Financial University under the government of the Russian Federation; e-mail: zvonavaelena@yahoo.fr
GLIGICH-ZOLOTAREVA Milena V., Cand. Sc. (Law), senior scientific researcher of the Institute of Economics, RAS; e-mail: milena-gligic@yandex.ru
KARAVAEVA Irina V., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Head of the Chair of Economic Theory, Institute of Economics, RAS; Chief scientific researcher,
Institute of Economics, RAS; professor of the Faculty of Economics of the
M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University; e-mail: ikaravaeva@inecon.ru
KNYAZEVA Anastasiya V.,
Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Associate Professor of the Chair of Taxes and taxation of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: akniazeva.rea@gmail.com
MARSHAVINA Lyubov Ya., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor of the Chair of Taxes and taxation of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: kafstat@mail.ru
PAVLOVA Larisa N., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), professor of the Chair of Taxes and taxation of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation; e-mail: nalogovayapolitika@yandex.ru
SLEPOV Vladimir A., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Head of the Chair of Finance and Prices of the
Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: kaffin@rea.ru
USTYUZHANINA Elena V., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Associate Professor of the Chair of Economic theory of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: dba-guu@yandex.ru
KHASBULATOV Ruslan I., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Corresponding member  of RAS, Head of the Chair of World Economy of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: 9585015@mail.ru

REGIONS AND CENTRE

Kirill STEPANOV

The Peculiarities of formation of areas of rapid socio-economic development in the Far East

The formation of areas of rapid socio-economic development in the Far East is an integral part of the strategy, focused at the formation of innovation-oriented economy. The main objectives of the formation of the areas of rapid socio-economic development are the creation of an auspicious environment for habitation; attracting investments; the organization of new production of manufactured goods, including for export. The article considers the backgrounds, the main directions and mechanisms of functioning of these areas and the process of their formation in the Far Eastern Federal district.

Keywords: Asia-Pacific region, managing company, preferences, resident, tax vacations, the area of rapid socio-economic development

STEPANOV Kirill I., Head of the Basic Chair of the Ministry for the Development of the Far East of the Russian Federation of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics;
Stats-Secretary – Deputy Minister of the Ministry for development of the development of the Far East of the Russian Federation; e-mail: s.makarevich@minvostokrazvitia.ru


Ilshat BAHSHIEV

The preservation of the archaeological heritage in the Republic of Bashkortostan

The article deals with one of the key problems of the state protection of archaeological in the republic and namely – long-lasting deficiency financing of this sphere. Recent studies made it possible to formulate the main directions of solving the problems of preservation of the republic’s cultural heritage. Among these directions the most important are the expansion of network of historical and cultural museum-preserves with definitely fixed archaeological cluster and conducting works, aimed at the defining the borders of territories of archaeological heritage objects with subsequent inclusion of this data into the land registry.

Keywords: archaeological monitoring, archaeological museums-reserves, historical and cultural heritage, normative-legal basis, protection and utilization of archaeological heritage, salvage archaeology

BAHSHIEV Ilshat I., Ñand. Sc. (History), Head of the Department  of the Archaeological heritage  of the South Ural R.G. Kuzeev Institute for Ethnological Studies, Ufa Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences; e-mail: ibahsh@gmail.com

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS

Vladimir MUKOMEL

Their «other»: Russian domestic inoethnic migrants in the Moscow megapolis

The concentration of migrants in the Moscow district causes tension between the host population and migrants. Consolidation potential of Moscow society the author sees in the implementation of adaptation measures and in the integration of migrants, especially of the people from the North Caucasus, whom the population treats particularly wary. The article discusses the factors, the level and the opportunities of integration in the Moscow district of domestic migrants, belonging to «visible minorities». The successful integration of immigrants is determined not only with their socio-demographic characteristics, migration experience, financial situation, but also with their value orientations, which do not differ fundamentally from those, specific for the Moscow citizens. Policy of the consolidation of the Moscow community should take into consideration the characteristics of the value orientations of the newcomers, which are not a significant barrier to their integration.

Keywords: integration, internal migrants, migrants, values, value orientations,visible minorities

MUKOMEL Vladimir I., Dr. Sc. (Sociology), Head of the Sub-department, Institute of Sociology, RAS; e-mail: mukomel@isras.ru


Oleg SUKHAREV

Changing the doctrine of monetary and fiscal policy under the conditions of a recession

The phenomenon of recession determines the development of the Russian economy, but the contours of macroeconomic policies, designed to overcome the recession, the central place in which is occupied with monetary and fiscal policy, can not be seen yet. The reason is that the main instruments of monetary and fiscal policy are not focused on solving this problem. The article defines basic problems of monetary and fiscal policy, highlights the main directions of their changing. As effective principles are grounded the principles of «portfolio interest» and «bad balance» in order to reduce the gap between the development of the finance and the manufacturing sectors of the economy, since the organization of economic growth only in commodity sectors and services cannot ensure long-term sustainable growth.

Keywords: budgetary policy, monetary and credit policy, «portfolio interest», recession, the principle of «bad balance», the structure of the economy

SUKHAREV Oleg S., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), professor, Head of Sector of Institutional Analysis of Economic Dynamics; Institute of Economics, RAS; e-mail: o_sukharev@list.ru

QUESTIONS OF LAW

Victor KRIVOV, Dmitry VLADIMIROV

Methods of sociology of the legislation and Regulatory Impact Analysis in justification of the state decisions

The article is devoted to application of methods of sociology of the legislation and Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) in activity of authorities. It is noted that widespread introduction of RIA institute is one of the major national objectives in modern Russia. The history of development of this institute in our country is stated in recent years. On the example of the Federation Council it is shown as the mechanism of RIA at adoption of acts works.

Keywords: examination of the state decisions, legislative process, legislation sociology, openness of authorities, regulatory impact analysis

KRIVOV Victor D., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Head of the Department of Sociology and Management of
Public Processes of the Higher School of Modern Social Sciences of
LomonosovMoscow State University; e-mail: VKrivov@mesi.ru
VLADIMIROV Dmitry G., Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Head of Department of informational policy and content analysis
of the Analytical Service at the administration of Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation; e-mail: DGVladimirov@senat.gov.ru


Vladimir KOCHETKOV

Contemporary debates on the genesis of the Russian constitutionalism

The problem of the origin of the Russian constitutionalism, the starting point, the stages of development and its characteristics always was of great importance for the representatives of the modern domestic legal science. There are two basic positions concerning the origin of Russian constitutionalism. Representatives of the first one believe that the idea of constitutionalism in Russia has its own long-time traditions dating back to centuries. The second position of the Russian constitutionalism genesis proves its borrowed nature (so-called theory of full reception). To our opinion, both approaches should be evaluated as one-sided, following in one case from absolutism of the unique and in another case of the universal characteristics of constitutionalism. The author, providing critical analysis of both theories, on the basis of axiological interpretation of constitutionalism and the epistemology of the concept of «constitutional question» defines
a starting point of the Russian constitutionalism.

Keywords: constitutional legal consciousness, constitutional question, freedom and justice, human dignity, Russian constitutionalism

KOCHETKOV Vladimir V., Cand. Sc. (Philosophy), Leading scientific researcher; Human rights Institute of the Russian State Social University (Moscow); e-mail: vovov69@mail.ru

LOCAL AUTONOMY

Vladimir MIROSHNIK

Abolition of Soviets and the first elections to the local government bodies (1993–1997)

One of the key provisions of the Constitution of 1993 was the position, setting the separation of local self-government from the system of state authorities.
The process of decentralization of power has led to a variety of approaches to the organization of local self-government, and in many regions – to the confrontation between legislative and executive branches of power. The article provides the grouping of Russian regions, depending on the depth and the forms of solving the contradictions occurred. The first group includes the regions where it appeared possible to harmonize the interests of state authorities and local self-government supporters. The second group has been formed of the regions where the local government developed formally, pending the adoption of the relevant federal laws. The third group consists of the regions which openly ignored the local government or put it in strict subordination. The article describes the experience of the first elections of local self-government, the participation in them of social-political movements and parties at the beginning of legislative activity in the sphere of local self-government.

Keywords: administration, deputy, election campaign, elections, head of municipal formation, law, local self-government, municipal formation, region, representative body of local self-government

MIROSHNIK Vladimir A., Cand. Sc. (History), Associate professor, Advisor to the Chairman of the Council of People’s Deputies of Kemerovo region; e-mail: ef@kemtipp.ru


Tamara ZAKHAROVA

Yakut zemstvo and order protection in 1918

The Bolshevist revolution caused the deepest crisis of Russian central power. It’s extremely low authority level in 1917-1918 has led – at the country’s border districts – to the attempts of establishing alternative forms of government authority. As a result of these attempts, the functions, earlier realized by the central government, have been reallocated from the capital of the Russian state to its periphery. The author, on the example of Yakutia, which at this period had no central government authorities, illustrates how Yakut Zemstvo solved the problem of self-defense organization and thus acted as the main regional authority. On the basis of archival and published documents and memoirs the paper for the first time in Yakut historiography examines the questions of forming and activity of Yakut regional zemstvo police, the situation with its discipline and its participation in the fighting for the town in June 1918.

Keywords: Civil war, organization of self-defense, Police of zemstvo, zemstvo in Yakutia, Yakut region

ZAKHAROVA Tamara V., Cand. Sc. (Hist.), researcher, Institute for Humanities Research and the Studies
of the Problems of Indigenous peoples of the North, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; e-mail: ztv2001@mail.ru

YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Pavel BAIMATOV

Financial and economic aspects of the realization of the citizens’ rights for social security in Russia

The Russian Federation Constitution recognizes the right of every citizen for social security and at the same time imposes on the state the duty to create all necessary conditions for the smooth implementation of this right. The organization and provision of funding of the federal social security system and the right for social security in one of the key tasks of the state, taking into account the federal structure of the state and the prevailing financial constraints. The article concludes that the most important element of the right of citizens for social security is its financial and economic component, which requires reforming, in particular via optimization of the control and supervisory tools as well as via promoting charitable activities of citizens and organizations, developing the sector non-profit organizations, which provide social services.

Keywords: authorities, Constitution, economy, finance, monetization,
social security

BAIMATOV Pavel N., Postgraduate student of Constitutional and Municipal Law Chair, Institute of State and Law of The Tyumen State University; e-mail: baymatov.pavel@ yandex.ru


Alexandr IVANOV

Party and Soviet organs in the period of perestroika (based on the example of the Smolensk Region)

The article analyzes the staff provision of the soviet authorities during the period of perestroika and the numerical change of the party apparatus in the mid of the 1980-s basing on the example of the Smolensk region. The author considers the issues, concerning the division of soviet and party organs` property after the events of August, 1991.

Keywords: nomenclature, party and soviet structures, perestroika of 1985–1991, Soviet of People’s Deputies of Smolensk Region

IVANOV Alexandr M., senior lecturer of legal disciplines of the Saint-Petersburg Institute for
Foreign Economic relations, Economic and Law; affiliated branch in Smolensk, e-mail: sfivesep4@yandex.ru


Roman KARASEV

Distribution of powers of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation and other courts in the exercise of normative control

Implementation of normative control is an important function of the judiciary, engaged in protecting rights and freedoms of man and citizen. The article deals with the concept of judicial normative control and constitutional control, determines their relationship, as well as problems of differentiation of the competence of courts exercising normative control. The author concludes that the concept of «normative control» and «constitutional control» correlate as the total and partial. The last should be considered not only as a way to abolishing the violations of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, but also as an element of the legal protection of the Constitution, as a means to ensure its supremacy. According to the author’s view, the problem of the distribution of competence of courts, exercising normative control, can be solved by using the institution of court inquiry.

Keywords: arbitration court, constitutional control, Constitutional court, Constitution, court bodies, court inquiry, legal acts, normative control

KARASEV Roman E., Postgraduate student; Institute of State and Law of The Tyumen State University; e-mail: postservice_91@mail.ru


Mariya KUROSHEVA

Zemstvo councillors of the Smolensk province (1865–1889)

The process of zemstvo implementation within the territory of Russian Empire provinces was inseparably linked with the election process development and the participation peasants in zemstvo elections. In the article, on the example of Smolensk province, the author shows that the election process was often accompanied with the bribery of peasants by the gentry and the merchants. Relations between the members of zemstvo were very complicated; they were the representatives of various social stratums of Russia. Often there was the struggling in so-called «zemstvo parties» – groups of zemstvo members, which were connected with the unity of the way of thinking, sympathy and dislikes. The most part of the zemstvo consisted of the gentry and within Smolensk zemstvo was presented the struggle of different social groups and the latter reflected the complicated modernization process in the country.

Keywords: elections’ congresses, election process, voters, «Khludovs’ epopee», zemstvo councilors, «zemstvo parties»

KUROSHEVA Mariya S., Manager, Federal State Unitary Enterprise «Passport-visa’s service» of Federal Migration Service of Russia, Smolensk; e-mail: mahrusha_89@mail.ru


Lyubov MATRYONINA

The Role of electronic voting in ensuring the universal suffrage

Elections are the most important tool in the decision making in the democratic society. Electronic voting presents a new and developing mechanism of the electoral process, which is realized in Russia in the form of the optical scan voting system and the complex for electronic voting during elections. The provision of the principle of universal suffrage is the most sufficient problem of electronic voting. Subjects of the Ural federal district have accumulated considerable experience in the solution of this problem via the realization of the programs, aimed at increasing computer literacy of the population.

Keywords: universal suffrage, elections, Internet, computer literacy, electronic voting

MATRYONINA Lyubov Ya., Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor of the Chair of Taxes and taxation of the Plekhanov Russian University of Economics; e-mail: kafstat@mail.ru


Maxim FEDORETS

Perfection of the principles of state-territorial structure of the Russian Federation

The basis of state-territorial structure is formed with the relationship between central government and regional governments. Today, the state-territorial system of Russia is characterized with a complex interplay of national and territorial factors. Despite the constitutional provision on equality of the Federation member-states, there are enough reasons to speak about the benefit position of the republics within the Russian Federation. The article substantiates the thesis of the need to form a symmetrical federation with the optimal state-territorial structure. However, the creation of a symmetrical federation requires the formation of certain prerequisites and time, that’s why simplified solutions are unacceptable.

Keywords: federalism, federation, form of state organization, principals of the state division, subject of the Russian Federation

FEDORETS Maxim N., Postgraduate student; Institute of State and Law Tyumen State University; e-mail: memphis72@mail.ru