"FEDERALIZM" #3 (71) 2013
Education as the factor for the formation of the economy of innovations
The article reviews the role of educational process and knowledge in the formation of the innovative economy of Russia. The author argues special meaning of education as one of the sources of the human capital accumulation. The paper shows some directions aimed to increase the efficiency of human capital utilization for the purposes of acceleration of Russian economy transition to the innovative model of development.
Keywords: knowledge, investments, educational process, human capital, economy of innovations
On the nature of changes in workers' functions and personnel training for high-tech enterprises
This article analyzes the changes of worker’ functions under new technologies and growing requirements to the quality of human capital. The paper characterizes quality requirements of the labor force, imposed by innovative enterprises. It is proposed to supplement the system of professionals’ training with the specialized departments in universities.
Keywords: innovations, quality of education, industry, working capacity, maintenance of labor, social norms, human capital.
Actual problems in HR solutions for Russian innovative economy
The article describes the role of human capital in ensuring innovative development of the economy and analyzes the problems of personnel training in Russian practice of forming the innovative economy. The main attention is paid to the comparative analysis of scientific and technology potentials of Russia and developed countries of the West, as well as to the specialists’ training for the priority spheres of the innovative economy. The author also focuses at the ways to overcome Russia’s backlog in this area via the integration of science and education, improvement of the post-graduate education, implementation of the state policy in the sphere of personnel training for the innovative economy.
Keywords: innovative economy, integration of science and education, R&D potential, national innovative system, training personnel, human resources
Approaches of JSC “Roselektronika” to the interaction of the enterprises of defense-industrial complex, universities and academic institutions
The paper analyzes the situation with training of the staff, necessary for the development of high-tech branches of the Russian Federation industry. Basing on the cluster approach to the industrial development, the paper provides a tool kit, which makes possible to build effective cooperation of JSC “Roselektronika” divisions with universities and RAS institutions.
Keywords: academic institutions, universities, cluster, staff training, Russian industry
Current trends in the organization of professional training of engineering staff
The paper analyzes modern trends in the organization of professional training of engineers’ staff and the maintenance of training in the situation of changing requirements to today's engineers. The author points at the need for immediate increasing the level of system organization and development of engineering education. The paper discusses the need to integrate the system engineering into the educational programs in the sphere of engineering education and proves that training in system engineering is one of the key tools to the formation of a new generation of engineers.
Keywords: engineering, engineering education, system approach, system engineering
Mikhail STAROVOYTOV, Lyudmila MEDVEDEVA, Elena GONCHAROVA
The industrial aspect of the innovative development of medium-sized towns
The article illustrates the current state of innovative development in small and medium-sized towns in Russia. The authors consider development directions of the industrial potential of the Russian medium-sized towns and prove the necessity of strategic management of the industrial development, first of all, ensuring the revival of industry and increasing growth rates of goods and services production.
Keywords: innovations, small and medium-sized towns, industrial potential, regional development, strategic management at the territorial level
The educational component of the innovative triad in Dubna
The article examines two decades experience in forming social policy in Dubna focused at modern personnel training for the needs of the city. The paper shows various approaches and specific tools for the interaction with Russian employers, allowing to set productive partnership of the innovative triad "science-education-business" with an emphasis on the educational component.
Keywords: Higher education establishments, "science-education-business", personnel training, cooperation, University "Dubna", employment
QUESTIONS OF THEORY
Mathematicians help to improve the federal device
The paper reviews mathematicians’ approach to the study of the actual problems of improving the federal device: the number of management levels, the number of subjects of federation and municipalities within the region, the size of the municipality. The paper considers the problem of distribution of responsibilities in the providing public goods through the levels of management. The article contains numerical calculations, based on the conventional data, as well as information about the actual indicators in a number of countries around the world.
Keywords: local government, optimal hierarchy, public goods, sovereignty, federalism
Modeling of regional investment policy tools impact over foreign direct investments’ flows
The article considers actual questions of the statistical research of foreign direct investments in the Russian Federation. It is proposed to shift the focus in assessment of regional investment potential to deeper research of the efficiency of actions, undertaken in regions in order to stimulate inflow of foreign direct investments.
Keywords: modeling, foreign direct investments, regional investment policy
Inter-branch balance – the information and methodological basis for the structural macroeconomic analysis
The article provides the analysis of the evolution of the national inter-branch balance as an instrument of the structural macroeconomic analysis. The author argues the necessity of the modernization of several directions of the information and methodological provision, adequate to the task of forecasting of the Russian Federation economy∙ development parameters.
Keywords: dynamic series of macroeconomic indicators, classification of types of economic activities, inter-branch balance, forecasting, economic development scenarios, SNA, input-output tables
Reliability problems of macroeconomic forecasting
The article considers the problems of the reliability of macroeconomic forecasting of the socio-economic development of Russia, associated with the information provision.
Keywords: macroeconomic forecasting, reliability of the macroeconomic forecast, uncertainty of the future, retrospective time series, statistical information for the purposes of forecasting
Migration processes: PRO & CONTRA
The paper considers the problems of international migration and their impact over the socio-economic situation in Russia. The author analyzes the positive and negative aspects of migration and comes to the conclusion that the resettlement of compatriots from abroad is strategically important for the improvement of the demographic situation and the arrangement of territories of Russia.
Keywords: unemployment, public policy, demography, employment, migration, national labor market
Centre vs. Regions: Which Level is more effective in Promoting the Economy?
This paper presents the evaluation of the correlation between GRP growth rates in Russian Federation regions and budget investments’ indicators in 1997-2009. The paper proves that regional investments’ effect over economic growth appears to be significantly higher than that of the federal investments. The author argues for the transfer of the dominating share of investment resources to the regional level as well as orientation of the investment policy to the peculiarities of each group of regions, classified by cluster analysis.
Keywords: budget investments, regional economy, economic growth stimulation, economy of Russia
The problem of federalization in the center-periphery relations in the United Kingdom
The article is devoted to the actual issues of the modern development of the British state on the examples of political and legal relationship of the center with the Celtic periphery. The paper analyzes the historical, cultural and political trends of the unitary state consisting of four nations and thus generated two major contradictions between the principles of administrative centralization and decentralization, between the principles of the sovereignty of parliament and regional government. Decentralization and federalization of the country are considered in the article as a tool for solving of the management problems, for forming partnership with the Celtic regions, for greater integration of Britain into the united Europe.
Keywords: British constitutionalism, decentralization, regional self-government, Parliament sovereignty, federalization, ethno-regional parties
Sergey VALENTEI, Al’bert BAKHTIZIN, Olga VALENTIK, Anastasiya KOLCHUGINA, Lyudmila LYKOVA
Development trends of the economies of the subjects of the Russian Federation
The paper presents development trends of the economies of subjects of the Russian Federation for the period of 2000-2011. The paper shows that independently of the place of the subject of the Russian Federation in the regional ranking, its economy may show upward or downward trends or does not have a definite trend. In this context, the article proves the necessity to distinguish between the processes of growth and development of regional economies. The paper provides characteristic of the possible directions of research of development (growth) trends of the economies of the subjects of the Russian Federation.
Keywords: region, regional economy, subject of the Russian Federation, trend, economic development, economic growth
Dmitriy KULIKOV, Natalya KURSOVA, Svetlana PUZOVA
The study of staffing of the innovation territorial cluster «Dubna»
The paper analyzes the current situation with staffing of the innovative territorial cluster of nuclear-physical and nanotechnology "Dubna". The paper proves the necessity to research staffing needs of the organizations of the cluster with the aim to develop and to implement specialized programs for staffing regarding to the specific labor market situation in the region.
Keywords: staff shortage, staff provision, cluster, personnel training programs, staff training programs, structure of the personal
Development of the system of compulsory health insurance in the Russian Federation
The paper considers the problems, associated with the implementation of the model of compulsory health insurance (CHI) in the regions of Russia in 1991-2010. The author analyzes the main economic and legal shortages in health care systems and the ways of reforms proposed in bills of 2004 and in a new law on CHI of 2010. Separate attention is paid to the economic issues not adequately reflected in a new law of the CHI.
Keywords: unified social tax, compulsory health insurance, health care, health insurance organizations, the subject of the Russian Federation, regional funds