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"FEDERALIZM" #1 (69) 2013

SPATIAL ECONOMY

Vladimir LYBOVNIY

On the government approach to urban development in Russia: Catherine II and the present

The paper characterizes the policy in the sphere of urban development during the period of Catherine the IInd reign. The paper provides the analysis of urban development processes in Russia. Concrete directions of systematic approach to the development of Russian cities are as well presented in the article.

Keywords: cities, public policy, urban development, Catherine the IInd, systematic approach, economic development

LYBOVNIY Vladimir Yakovlevich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), corresponding member to the Russian Academy of Architecture and Building sciences; Chief Scientific Researcher of the Scientific and Methodological Center "Cities of Russia" under the Ministry of Economic Development of Russia, e-mail: vlubovnyi@yandex.ru


Emma VAINBERG

Space, settling and the modernization of the economy of Russia

The article considers the features the space and resettlement Russia as the condition for the modernization of its economy. The paper contains brief description of geographical features of the area, its "borderland", provision of transport infrastructure, the specifics of settlement trends in the network of sites and the environmental conditions of life in them.

Keywords: space, settlement, and the polarization of space, environment, agglomeration

VAINBERG Emma Ilinichna, Cand. Sc. (Geography), Laureate of the State Prize in Science and Technology e-mail: emmav1911 @yandex.ru

NATIONAL INNOVATIONAL SYSTEMS

Irina GRISHINA, Ilya MARUKHIN, Irina SHESTOPALOVA

The research methodology and the experience of evaluation of investment attractiveness of Russias regions

The article suggests a new methodical approach to the comparative analysis of investment attractiveness of regions of Russia. The paper presents the system of evaluation indicators for two major components of investment attractiveness for the investment potential of the region and for regional investment risk.

Keywords: investment activity in the regions, regional investment attractiveness, regional investment potential, regional investment risk

GRISHINA Irina Vladimirovna, Doctor of Sciences (Economics), Head of Department of the investment provision of regional development; Council for the study of productive forces under the Ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation and Russian Academy of Sciences, e-mail: grishinaiv@mail.ru
MARUKHIN Ilya Nicolaevich, junior researcher; Department of the investment provision of regional development of the Council for the study of productive forces under the Ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation and Russian Academy of Sciences, e-mail: ilya.marukhin@yandex.ru
SHESTOPALOVA Irina Petrovna, junior researcher; Department of the investment provision of regional development of the Council for the study of productive forces under the Ministry of economic development of the Russian Federation and Russian Academy of Sciences, e-mail: sestop@mail.ru


Alexander ZAYTSEV

Regional diagnostics and branch analysis of labor productivity

The article considers the diagnostics problem of the perspective directions of technology borrowing for the modernization aims at the regional level. The author defines possible sources of new technologies for each production branch of the region under diagnostics (Krasnodar region) both from other Russian regions and from abroad.

Keywords: regional competitive advantage, regional economic diagnostics, regional development, technology borrowing

ZAYTSEV Alexander Andreevich, Assistant lecturer of the Moscow School of Economics; Moscow State University after M.Lomonosov, e-mail: alex_zaytsev@bk.ru

QUESTIONS OF THEORY

Oleg ANANYIN

Economic ontologies and economic institutions

The paper summarizes economists approaches to ontological knowledge. The paper puts the question of its role as a theoretical base for the methodology of economics. As an example the paper gives the analysis of the ontological nature and the assumptions of integration of institutions into economic theory.

Keywords: methodology of economics, ontological knowledge, economic theories, economic institutions, professions

ANANYIN Oleg Igorevich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), professor, National Research University Higher School of Economics, e-mail: ananyin@hse.ru


Irina DOKALSKAYA

Budgeting for Results: theory evolution in the foreign literature

The article, basing on foreign sources, analyzes the development of budgeting for results. The paper examines the strengths and weaknesses of the given management mechanism.

Keywords: budget planning, budgeting for results, resultiveness, efficiency of budget expenditures

DOKALSKAYA Irina Dmitrievna, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Doctorate Business Science specialty, University of Udine, Italy, e-mail: dokalska@yandex.ru

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS

Taissiya BARANENKOVA

Benefits and risks of migration processes in Russia

The article analyses the migration processes in Russia. The paper argues the needs to regulate quantity and quality characteristics of foreign labor migrants according to the Russias interests. The article presents the main directions of such regulation in the context of the solutions of the tasks of innovation development.

Keywords: migration, migration policy, labor market, heads outflow, ethnic enclaves

BARANENKOVA Taissiya Alekseevna, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), senior researcher of the Laboratory of social and labor relations, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: agastya73@mail.ru


Yulia ZEDINA

Public-private partnership in the innovative development strategy of Russian regions

The paper investigates the potential utilization of various forms of public-private partnership (PPP) for the intensification of innovative development of the subjects of the Russian Federation. The paper presents the reasons of incomplete implementation of PPP and shows the possible solutions of this problem.

Keywords: public-private partnership, innovative development, the regional innovation system, the federal legislation

ZEDINA Yulia Anatilevna, Cand. Sc. (Law), Deputy Chairman of the Joint Stock Company AKB MOSOBLBANK, e-mail: yulia_zedina@bk.ru

FICAL FEDERALISM

Irina KARAVAEVA

The relation between social protection and social pressure on the population in the federal budget for 2013-2015

The paper examines the main development trends of the tax mechanisms of social protection and the fiscal pressure over the citizens in the budgetary policy of Russia. The paper analyzes the changes within the system of indirect taxes in the 2013-2015 budget and their consequences for the population. The author considers the modernization methods for income taxation, focused at the financial support of family and accounting of the social status of the taxpayer.

Keywords: excise taxes, budget, personal income tax, tax policy, social protection

KARAVAEVA Irina Vladimirovna, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Chief scientific researcher of the Center for financial studies, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: ikaravaeva@inecon.ru


Svetlana CHUZHMAROVA

The practice of forming tax revenues of consolidated regional budgets of northern regions

The article considers the principles of separation of tax powers, tax and transfer methods for forming the revenues of consolidated regional budgets, the ways to compensate falling tax revenues. The paper gives the analysis of fiscal independence, the ratio of tax revenues and expenses, the structure of the consolidated regional budget of the northern regions. The author proposes the measures for the improvement of these budgets.

Keywords: consolidated regional budget, tax revenues, tax independence, tax powers, northern region

CHUZHMAROVA Svetlana Ivanovna, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), associate professor, Head of the chair of banking, Syktyvkar State University, e-mail: swetlana_ch@bk.ru


Evgeny GRIBOV

Problem of increasing the effectiveness of intergovernmental fiscal relations in the national economy

The article considers the problem of establishing efficient intergovernmental fiscal relations in the national economy. The paper presents the peculiarities of intergovernmental fiscal relations using the examples of Canada and Germany. The concluding part of the article contains brief characteristic of the intergovernmental fiscal relations between federal authorities and the subjects of the Russian Federation.

Keywords: decentralization, intergovernmental fiscal relations, intergovernmental transfers, innovative policy, fiscal federalism

GRIBOV Evgeny Evgenievich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Assistant to the Deputy Prime Minister Chief of the Staff of the Government of the Russian Federation, e-mail: gribov@apsrf.ru

ANALITICAL NOTES

Rafael FATTAKHOV, Marat FATTAKHOV

Methodology and assessment criteria for sustainable urban development Under the conditions of Russia's accession to OECD

The article investigates methodological and methodical approaches to the assessment of sustainable urban development, taking into the consideration Russia's joining the members of OECD. The focus is made on the systematization of criteria and socially meaningful indicators for the integrated assessment and monitoring of the sustainable development of Russias cities, basing on the OECD experience.

Keywords: agglomeration, innovative development, metropolis, modernization, region

FATTAKHOV Rafael Valiahmetovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Director of the Institute for Regional Studies and Spatial Development of the Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, e-mail: fattakhov@mail.ru
FATTAKHOV Marat Rafaelevich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Research Associate of the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute; RAS, e-mail: fatt_marat@rambler.ru


Anatoly LAPIN, Elena AFANASYEVA, Yulia SANNIKOVA

Relationship's models "The federal center - regional elite" in the Volga Federal district

The article considers the basic directions of forming the cooperation between regional political elites and the federal government. As well the paper shows the basic models of the given interaction, basing on the economic and social situation in the region.

Keywords: power, region, powers, areas of jurisdiction, subjects of federation, federalism, federal treaty

LAPIN Anatoly Evgenyevich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Head of the Chair of Economic Analysis and Public Administration, Ulyanovsk State University, e-mail: eagov@ulsu.ru
AFANASYEVA Elena Valeryevna, assistant to the Chief Federal Inspector, Office of the Chief Federal Inspector in the Volga Federal District, e-mail: eiena_88@mail.ru
SANNIKOVA Yulia Sergeevna, Chief adviser of the sub-department of coordination and development of innovative activity of the department of development science and innovations of the Government of the Ulyanovsk region, e-mail: sannikova2@mail.ru

YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Alexandr IVANOV

Problems of organization and conducting of the all-union reforendum on march, the 17th , 1991 (on the example of Smolensk region)

This article analyzes the reasons for the conducting the USSR all-national referendum on the preservation of the union state. The paper considers the problems of organization and conducting the referendum on the 17th of March, 1991 in Smolensk region.

Keywords: perestroika of 1985-1991, referendum of 1991, The Council of people's deputies of Smolensk region

IVANOV Alexandr Mikhaylovich, Post-graduate student of the Smolensk State University, e-mail: elena-i-82@yandex.ru


Svetlana LEVINA

Social significance of the income tax in the works of Russian scientists at the end of XIXth century - the beginning of XXth century

The paper reviews the problem of the social significance of income tax. Special attention is addressed to the works of native researchers at the end of XIXth century the beginning of XXth century. The article proves the changes within the system of direct taxation during the investigated period serve as a significant indicator of modernization transformations in Russia.

Keywords: tax policy, taxation, income tax, social justice

LEVINA Svetlana Sergeevna, seeker, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: 951mail@mail.ru