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"FEDERALIZM" #3 (67) 2012

SPATIAL ECONOMY

Vladimir ILYIN, Tamara USKOVA

Methods of overcoming the spatial socio-economic differentiation

The article considers the problem of spatial differentiation of the Russian Federation territories. The paper offers the methods of territorial differentiation overcoming. Special attention is devoted to the approaches to clusters and agglomerations forming.

Keywords: agglomerations, clusters, spatial differentiation, regional policy

ILYIN Vladimir Alexandrovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), professor, Director, Institute of Socio-Economic Development of Territories, RAS, e-mail: ilin@vscc.ac.ru
USKOVA Tamara Vitalievna, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), associate professor, Deputy Director for Science; Institute of Socio-Economic Development of Territories, RAS, e-mail: tvu@vscc.ac.ru


Kasim YUSUPOV, Azat YANGIROV

Implementation of the macroeconomic goals of the Russian economy at the beginning of XXI century

The article is devoted to the analysis and assessment of achieving basic macroeconomic goals of the Russian economy on the basis of the golden quadrangle model. The paper provides analysis of modified model of golden quadrangle for the Russian Federation.

Keywords: unemployment, inflation, investment in fixed capital, innovative activities,
golden quadrangle, net export, economic growth

YUSUPOV Kasim Nasifovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor of The National Economy Chair, Bashkir State University, e-mail: nation_economica@mail.ru
YANGIROV Azat Vazirovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), the Dean of the Economics and Mathematics Department; Head of the Public administration and Finance Chair, Bashkir State University (branch in Neftekamsk), e-mail: jangirovav@list.ru

NATIONAL INNOVATIONAL SYSTEMS

Aleksandr TATARKIN

Development of regional industrial complex with the utilization of cluster initiatives

This paper reviews the status and prospects of the Middle Ural industrial complex with the utilization of cluster initiatives of the regional Association of industrialists and businessmen of Sverdlovsk region. The paper presents the experience of the Urals in the elaborating of a complex growth program for the industry of Sverdlovsk region till 2020.

Keywords: cluster, industrial complex of a region, market institutions, Sverdlovsk region, Middle Ural

TATARKIN Aleksandr Ivanovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Director of the Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, e-mail: tatarkin_ai@mail.ru


Elena LENCHUK

Technological Platforms and Innovation Clusters in Russia

The article describes the features of the creation of technological platforms and innovation clusters. The main attention is paid to the comparative analysis of the content of technological platforms in Russian and European practice, to possible scenarios of their development. The article also focuses on the analysis of the role the cluster approach to solving the problems of enhancing innovation processes in concrete regions and in Russia as a whole.

Keywords: innovations policy, innovation clusters, institutions of development, competitiveness, modernization, technological platforms

LENCHUK Elena Borisovna, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Head of the Center for Innovation Economy; Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: Lenalenchuk@yandex.ru


Leonid MARKOV, Vitaliya MARKOVA, Margarita PETUKHOVA

The identification of the variety of multi-branch clusters in Siberia

The paper characterizes the main classification features and peculiarities of the clusters. Basing on the authors cluster "benchmarks", the paper for the first time carries out mapping of the multi-branch clusters in Siberia.

Keywords: identification of clusters, mapping of clusters, clusters, clusters standards, Siberia

MARKOV Leonid Sergeevich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Head of sub-department, Institute of Economics and Industrial production organization, RAS, Novosibirsk, e-mail: leomarkov@mail.ru
MARKOVA Vitaliya Mixailovha, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Senior Researcher, Institute of Economics and Industrial production organization, RAS, Novosibirsk, e-mail: markova_vm@mail.ru
PETUKHOVA Margarita Vladislavovha, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), engineer, Institute of Economics and Industrial production organization, RAS, Novosibirsk, e-mail: pm1986@mail.ru


Artem ISAEV

Prospects for the formation of aircraft construction cluster in the Khabarovsk region

The article considers the main prospects of the formation of aircraft building cluster in Khabarovsk region on the basis of KNAAPO aircraft building plant and Superjet-100 project. The paper analyzes foreign experience and theoretical preconditions for forming such clusters.

Keywords: aircraft building, vertical integration, cluster, KNAAPO, industrial organization, Khabarovsk region

ISAEV Artem Gennadievich, Senior assistant, sub-department Economic and technological policy; Economic Research Institute, Far East Department, RAS, e-mail: isaev@ecrin.ru

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS

Igor POGOSOV, Elena SOKOLOVSKAYA

Distribution of GDP for consumption and accumulation and modernization in Russia

The paper analyzes the macroeconomic proportion of GDP utilization for consumption and accumulation with the aim to identify opportunities to increase financial resources for capital accumulation and economic modernization.

Keywords: reproducible capital, modernization of the economy, capital accumulation, fixed capital, savings

POGOSOV Igor Aleksandrovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), professor, Honoured Economist of Russia, chief researcher, Centre of state regulation institutions, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: Pogosov@inecon.ru
SOKOLOVSKAYA Elena Anatolievna, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), senior scientific researcher, Centre of state regulation institutions, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: Selenaseleven@mail.ru


Valeriy GAMUKIN

Risk-borders of imbalances of regional budgets

The article reviews various aspects of budgetary risk of planning and execution of regional budgets. The special attention is paid to the problems of budgets deficit. The paper presents the research of set of regional budget laws and provides accessible mathematical toolkit for the evaluating of budgetary imbalance risk.

Keywords: budgetary risk, deficit of budgets, evaluation of budgetary indicators

GAMUKIN Valeriy Vladimirovich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Vice-rector for economics, Tyumen state university, e-mail: valgam@mail.ru

QUESTIONS OF LAW

Victoriya VISKULOVA

Basic and additional electoral franchise guarantees of the citizens under the conditions of Russian federalism

The article is devoted to the analysis of elective franchise guaranteeing by federal and regional legislation of 1994-2011. The paper proves ineffectiveness of the conception of powers distinction between Federation and its subjects in this sphere.

Keywords: elections, electoral franchise of the citizens; basic and additional guarantees, federalism

VISKULOVA Victoriya Vyacheslavovna, Cand. Sc. (Law), Vice-chairman of the Amur region Election Commission, Associate Professor of the Constitutional Law Chair, Amur State University, e-mail: viskulova@mail.ru


Evgeny BUKHVALD

Public property and the development of federal relations in Russia

The article presents the role of the public property as an economic basis of federal relations. The paper provides the analysis of key tendencies within the system of public property relations for the last years and also proves the changes, necessary for fastening the decentralization of powers and further strengthening the role of subjects of Federation in modernization of Russian economy.

Keywords: decentralization of powers, modernization of economy, public property, subjects of Federation, federal relations

BUKHVALD Evgeny Moiseevich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Head of the Sector for regional policy and local self-management; Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: buchvald@mail.ru

FICAL FEDERALISM

Irina KARAVAEVA

The peculiarities of utilization of tax methods of social support of population in Russia

The paper proves the importance of taxes in ensuring social protection of population. The main directions of the modern theory and practice of socially focused taxation development are presented as well. The article provides the characteristic of modern fiscal policy role in formation of social security situation in the society of Russia. Tendencies of socially significant taxes reforming are defined.

Keywords: tax justice, income tax, socially focused taxation, social tax, taxation theory

KARAVAEVA Irina Vladimirovna, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Chief scientific researcher of the Center for financial studies, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: ikaravaeva@inecon.ru


Yury DMITRIEV, Leonid SHUSTROV

The role of cluster in the development of an innovative economy in the region

The paper, basing on the an example of small and medium-sized businesses, proves that the interstitial of clusters enhances the effectiveness of measures aimed at development an innovative economy in the region; reduces the period of its transition to the innovative way of development; facilitates the formation of the core of the economy of innovation type.

Keywords: innovative activity, innovative mechanism, innovative cluster, small and medium-sized business

DMITRIEV Yury Alexeevich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Chair of Management, Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, e-mail: drpt@avo.ru
SHUSTROV Leonid Ivanovich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Deputy director; Department of business, trade and services development; Administration of Vladimir region, e-mail: drpt@avo.ru

HISTORY OF THOUGHT

Igor BAKHLOV

Historical bases of Russian federalism

The article considers objective historical and conceptual bases of the formation of Soviet and Russian models of federalism.

Keywords: Soviet federalism, theories of federalism, federal model, federation

BAKHLOV Igor Vladimirovich, Dr. Sc. (Polit.), Head of the Chair of the World History and the World Political Process of the N. P. Ogarev Mordovian State University, Head of the Scientific and Educational Center Political Analysis of Territorial Systems, e-mail: bahlov@mail.ru

ANALITICAL NOTES

Elena AGESHINA, Alexander GORYUNOV

Problems of development of machine building cluster in the Khabarovsk region

This article describes the key trends in forming shaping the regional cluster of air and ship-building. The paper presents the main approaches and instruments of state support for its formation and as well the problems, which limit the formation of the machine building cluster.

Keywords: Far East, machine building, region, regional cluster, Khabarovsk region

AGESHINA Elena Yurievna, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Head of Directorate of perspective planning; Ministry of economic development and foreign relations of the Khabarovsk region Government, e-mail: alena_khv@mail.ru
GORYUNOV Alexander Pavlovich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), deputy director for science, Economic research institute of the Far East Department of RAS, e-mail: alex.goryunov@gmail.com


Stepan TKACHUK

Some aspects of cluster development in the region

The paper considers the concept of territorial development, based on a systems approach. The article reviews the role of public policy in the development of industrial clusters, small businesses and in stabilization of the situation in mono-industry towns within overcoming the crisis period.

Keywords: innovations, clusters, small business, regional policy

TKACHUK Stepan Nicolaevich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Chairman of Committee for the development of small and medium-sized enterprises, Vologda region, e-mail: innov@vologda-oblast.ru

YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Evgenie KOSOGOV

Problems and perspectives of reforming political parties in Russia

The article concerns the tasks of reforming the political system in Russia, initiated by former Russian Federation President Dimitriy A.Medvedev.

Keywords: state, democracy, political modernization, political parties, political system

KOSOGOV Evgenie Vladimirovich, Postgraduate, State university UNPK, e-mail: bogatir999@mail.ru


Konstantin PLEKHOTKO

Normative consolidation of housing rights in the USSR in 1917-1937

The article discusses the measures undertaken in 1917-1937 with the aim to provide citizens with housing. In the paper the author characterizes the evolution of normative regulation of housing relations.

Keywords: housing, housing relations, housing, normative regulation

PLEKHOTKO Konstantin Konstantinovich, Postgraduate, Siberian Institute, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, e-mail: promahoskon@mail.ru


Alexey PODSTIGICH

Regional institutions of development and innovation processes in the economy of territories

The article concerns the role of special institutions of development. The paper shows special target niches of regional institutions of development, the main principles of their effective functioning and emphasizes the importance of interaction between institutions of development of federal and regional level.

Keywords: innovation, the innovative policy, institution of development, cluster organization, powers, subjects of Federation

PODSTIGICH Alexey Vadimovich, Seeker, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: pav199@bk.ru


Alexander SAVCHENKO

Some problems of local government reform in Russia

The article analyzes the recommendations of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe aimed at the development of local governments in Russia. The paper considers the propositions of Russian Federation legislation from the standpoint of their limits to reforming local governments.

Keywords: Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe, local government

SAVCHENKO Alexander Alexandrovich, Postgraduate, Volgograd branch of The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, e-mail: volzhanin34@yandex.ru


Marina TERENTYEVA

Methodological approaches to the regions labour potential assessment

The article deals with the methodological approaches to the assessment of labour potential. The paper contains the assessment of the labour potential of Komi Republic and the North-West Federal District.

Keywords: assessment of labour potential, region, regional economy, labour potential

TERENTYEVA Marina Alexseevna, Postgraduate, Institute of socio-economic and energy problems of the North, Komi Scientific Center of Ural Branch RAS, e-mail: iesp@mail.ru