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"FEDERALIZM" #1 (61) 2011


Sergey VALENTEI

Journal "Federalism" and "federalism" in Russia

Basing on the numerous articles, earlier published in Federalism journal, the author examines the evolution of views on the problems of federal relations development in Russia. The paper presents the author's treatment of the reasons of this evolution and contains the hypothesis, concerning the most probable directions of research of this problem.

Keywords: local self-government, spatial development, federal relations, federation, economy of innovations

VALENTEI Sergey Dmitrievich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), professor, head of the Centre for Research of Federal Relations, Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: valentey@inecon.ru

REGIONS AND CENTRE

Aleksandr TATARKIN

Historical mission of an average region in modernization of the Russian economy

The article considers the role of a median region in spatial development. The social and economic potential of the Ural region and its place in modernization of the Russian economy are characterized.

Keywords: modernization, regional policy, average region, Ural region, federal district

TATARKIN Aleksandr Ivanovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Academician, RAS, Director, Institute of Economics, RAS Ural Branch e-mail: tatarkin_ai@mail.ru


Aleksandr SHVETSOV

Discovering new sense and mastering new instruments in territorial planning in modern Russia

The author analyzes prerequisites, sense and subject of the process of developing new conceptual approach to territorial development planning and the whole set of implementing instruments. Key goals for theoretical verification of territorial planning methods as well as implementation issues estimation are presented. The article contains recommendations for system streamlining of content, methodical and legislative framework of perspective territorial planning instruments.

Keywords: territorial development, territorial planning, instruments of territorial planning, strategic planning system

SPATIAL ECONOMICS

Pavel MINAKIR

The myths and realities of spatial economic disproportions

Spatial economic differentiation of Russian regions is considered in the article. Approaches to the regional long-term economic development concept construction effectiveness is assessed. Main principals and steps of regional strategic planning are suggested. Hypotheses of rational spatial economic visions are formulated.

Keywords: spatial differentiation, state economic policy, region, concept, strategy, program, forecast

MINAKIR Pavel Aleksandrovich, Academician, RAS, Director, Economic Research Institute, Far East Branch, RAS e-mail: minakir@ecrin.ru


Vladimir LEKSIN

The present and the future of the settlement system the major problem of Russia

The changes in the number, functions, population and coherence of settlements that have been taking place for more than 25 years are considered as a process on which the wholeness, political and social stability of the state depend. The essence and results of the Soviet policy of creating the unified settlement system as well as problems arising in connection with new realities are shown. The prospects of cities domination, growth in the number of metropolitan areas, existence of traditional rural settlements are assessed.

Keywords: metropolitan areas, cities, company towns, rural settlements, settlement system

LEKSIN Vladimir Nikolaevich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), professor, chief scientific researcher, Institute for Systems Analysis, RAS e-mail: leksinvn@yandex.ru


Alexander DAGAEV

Global financial crisis and the development of integration processes in the post-Soviet space

The paper studies the impact of the global financial crisis on the development of integration processes of the CIS countries. The appearance of certain structural economic turbulence in the post-Soviet space has been proved by calculating rank concordance coefficients for changes of six basic macroeconomic indicators in 2009. It is shown that these changes are short-term and will hardly affect the vector of integration processes in the long term. Some ways to accelerate the integration process through the development of a coherent economic policy after the crisis are discussed.

Keywords: integration, macroeconomics, CIS, forecast, financial crisis

DAGAEV Alexander Alexandrovich, Cand. Sc. (Tech.), assistant professor, BMSTU e-mail: Dagaev.AA@gmail.com

NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM

Sergey ANDRYUSHIN, Vladimir ARKHAGELSKIY, Albert BAKHTIZIN, Stalina BELOZEROVA, Evgeny BUKHVALD, Olga VALENTIK, Nataliya ZVEREVA, Anastasiya KOLCHUGINA, Anton KRIGER, Valentina KUZNETSOVA, Igor POGOSOV, Lidiya NIKIFOROVA, Alexandra ODINTSOVA

The problems of start of innovative processes in the Russian economy

The article considers factors that prevent the transition of the national economy to the innovative model. The paper argues that the main obstacle to forming the economy of innovations in Russia is connected with the lack of interest of businessmen and population in innovative production. The authors outline starting mechanisms of innovative processes in Russia.

Keywords: innovations, national innovative system, economy of innovations, economic interests, economic space

ANDRYUSHIN Sergey Anatolyevich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor of Financial University, head of the sector, Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: sandr956@gmail.com
ARKHAGELSKIY Vladimir Nikolaevich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Head of the sector, Center for population research, Department of Economics, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov e-mail: archagelsky@yandex.ru
BAKHTIZIN Albert Rayfovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), senior scientific researcher, Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS e-mail: albert@semi.rssi.ru
BELOZEROVA Stalina Mikhailovna, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), leading scientific researcher, Laboratory of Social and Labor Relations, Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: stalina_m@sumail.ru
BUKHVALD Evgeny Moiseevich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Head of the sector of regional policy and local self-government, Centre for Research of Federal Relations, Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: buchvald@inecon.ru
VALENTIK Olga Nikolaevna, scientific researcher, Centre for Research of Federal Relations, Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: OlgaV@inecon.ru
ZVEREVA Nataliya Viktorovna, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, chair of population, Department of Economics, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov e-mail: zvereva52@yandex.ru
KOLCHUGINA Anastasiya Vladimirovna, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), researcher, Center for Research of Federal Relations, Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: Kolchugina@inecon.ru
KRIGER Anton Andreevich, Business development manager, JSC Frontstep CIS e-mail: Anton.kriger@mail.ru
KUZNETSOVA Valentina Vilyevna, Cand. Sc. (Hist.), Assistant professor, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, leading scientific researcher, Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: vkuz_55@mail.ru
POGOSOV Igor Aleksandrovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), professor, chief scientific researcher, Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: Pogosov@inecon.ru
NIKIFOROVA Lidiya Victorovna, Deputy minister of economy, Moscow region government e-mail: nikiforova@me.mosreg.ru
ODINTSOVA Alexandra Vladimirovna, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), leading scientific researcher, Center for methodological and historic-economic studies, Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: odintsova@inecon.ru


Levan MINDELI, Sergey CHERNYKH

Problems and prospects of financing science and innovations

The article considers a number of problems connected with improving methods of science and innovations financing, ensuring the development of domestic scientific-innovation sphere under the conditions of system modernization. Mechanisms and tools of state support of science and innovations are evaluated.

Keywords: basic research; innovation; domestic expenditures for research and development; budgetary, specific-program and grant financing; subsidies and guarantees

MINDELI Levan Elizbarovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Director, Institute for the Study of Science, RAS e-mail: l.mindeli@issras.ru


Alexander RATZ

Science cities and the national innovation system

On the example of the SEZ Dubna and the project Skolkovo the article examines the role of science cities in the formation of the national innovation system of the Russian Federation. Major problems that need solutions for the effective development of NIS are characterized.

Keywords: Dubna, national innovation system, science cities, Skolkovo

RATZ Alexander Alekseevich, Executive Secretary, Supervisory Board of Special Economic Zone of Technical Implementation Type, Dubna, Moscow Region e-mail: ratz@lanpolis.ru

FICAL FEDERALISM

Lyudmila LYKOVA

Taxation under transfer pricing and fiscal federalism problems

The paper examines tax consequences of using transfer prices by taxpayers for budget revenue in view of different regional rates of profit tax in Russia. The question of the necessity of the design price procedure for tax purposes under the condition of using transfer prices by taxpayers is raised.

Keywords: bona fide taxpayer, profit tax, market price, transfer prices

LYKOVA Lyudmila Nikitichna, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, chief scientific researcher of the Center for real sector studies, Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: lykoval@inecon.ru


Irina KARAVAEVA

The ways of forming optimal tax base of local autonomy

The article contains the analysis of foreign and domestic experience of creating tax base of local budgets. It studies the problems of reforming local taxation in conditions of unstable development of modern Russian economy. The authors treatment of creating optimal tax base of domestic local autonomy is presented.

Keywords: local authority, local taxes, local budget

KARAVAEVA Irina Vladimirovna, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Chief scientific researcher, the Center for financial studies, Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: ikaravaeva@inecon.ru


Olga DEMENTIEVA

Efficiency of legal regulation of budgetary foundations of local self-government in Russia

The article investigates the efficiency of legal regulation of budgetary foundations of local self-government in Russia. It analyzes changes in legislative regulation of the budgetary competence at different levels of the public power regarding formation of own incomes of local budgets, procedures of interbudgetary alignment, rendering financial aid, dynamics of condition of local budgets. Proposals on updating reform of local self-government are grounded.

Keywords: interbudgetary relations, local budgets, local authorities, local self-government reform, own incomes, financial aid

DEMENTIEVA Olga Alexandrovna, Cand. Sc. (Law), Senior scientific researcher, Institute of the Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation e-mail: deola@mail.ru

PAST. PRESENT. FUTURE

Igor BAKHLOV, Irina NAPALKOVA

National Periphery in the Russian Empire: Specific Features of the State and the Structure of the Administration System

The article characterizes the political and legal state of the national periphery in the Russian Empire. Models of colonization of national regions are singled out. The structure of the national periphery administration system and its dynamics are analyzed. Categories of dependent territories in terms of the extent of their autonomy are defined.

Keywords: empire, colonization model, modernization, national periphery, region, territorial administration, transformation

BAKHLOV Igor Vladimirovich, Dr. Sc. (Polit.), Head of the chair of the world history and the world political process, Ogarev Mordovian State University, Head of the Scientific and Educational Center Political Analysis of Territorial Systems e-mail: bahlov@mail.ru
NAPALKOVA Irina Gennadievna, Cand. Sc. (Hist.), Associate professor of the chair of economic history and information technologies, Ogarev Mordovian State University, senior research worker, the Scientific and Educational Center Political Analysis of Territorial Systems e-mail: zamisi@yandex.ru


Marina GALAS

Institutional-legal and socio-economic regulation for labour immigration and re-emigration in the 1920s.

The article analyzes the mechanisms regulating labour migration in the USSR in the 1920s from Europe, United States, Canada, South America. Limitations of unwanted labour migration are characterized. The link of the policy for regulating labour migration to the strategy of economic development of the USSR is shown.

Keywords: institutional-legal regulation, socio-political system, labor immigration and re-emigration

GALAS Marina Leonidovna, Cand. Sc. (Hist), Professor of the All-Russian State Tax Academy, RF Ministry of Finances e-mail: MLGalas@mail.ru


Anna PLEKHANOVA

Regional features of realizing new conomic policy in Buryat-Mongolian ASSR

The author analyzes the methods of state regulation of social and economic processes and shows specific features of realizing new economic policy in Buryat-Mongolian ASSR.

Keywords: Buryat-Mongolian ASSR, state regulation, new economic policy, social and economic development

PLEKHANOVA Anna Maksimovna, Cand. Sc. (Hist.), senior lecturer, doctoral candidate of the Institute of Mongolian, Buddhist and Tibetan Studies, Siberian Branch, RAS e-mail: plehanova.am@mail.ru

YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Kamyl BEKSULTANOV

The estimation of subsidies as the tool of fiscal relations

The article contains methodological approaches to the estimation of efficiency of subsidies as the tool of fiscal relations, operating mainly within the system of financial maintenance of target programs. The author notes that estimation of the efficiency of subsidies depends on estimation of the efficiency of corresponding target programs. The paper offers methods of estimating the efficiency both of target programs and specific subsidies mechanisms of their financing.

Keywords: program-target methods of management; federal target programs; budgetary subsidies; performance based budgeting

BEKSULTANOV Kamyl Beksultanovich, Seeker of the Institute of Economics, RAS e-mail: kamil.beksultanov@mail.ru


Ludmila LEBEDENKO

Integrated assessment of improving the quality of healthcare services

The article discusses the necessity of integrated assessment of medical organization operation for improving the quality of healthcare services. The choice of Balanced ScoreCard (BSC) as a process method of healthcare organization management is grounded. BSC development is considered on the basis of structuring business processes in a healthcare organization.

Keywords: healthcare services quality assessment, processing method, balanced scorecard (BSC)

LEBEDENKO Ludmila Anatolyevna, Post-graduate student, Institute of Systems Analysis of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation e-mail: lebedenko4@yandex.ru