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"FEDERALIZM" #2 (58) 2010

QUESTIONS OF THEORY

Irina KARAVAEVA

Macroeconomic criteria of optimization of taxation

The article considers the problem of indicating optimal limits of tax burden in respect to peculiarities of functioning and the goals of development of the state. The possibilities of optimizing taxation as a method of regulation of innovational and social processes are revealed. The approaches to changing criteria of optimization of tax policy under the current structural crisis are pointed out. The authors view on optimal tax load as a qualitative macroeconomic category is presented.

Keywords: tax, tax burden, optimal tax load, tax policy

KARAVAEVA Irina Vladimirovna, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Chief scientific researcher, the Center for financial studies, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: ikaravaeva@inecon.ru


Alexander DEMENTIEV

Theoretical-legal problems of local self-government in the Russian Federation

The article analyzes the theory of local self-government in relation to the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The evolution of social and public theories of local government is considered. We discuss and analyze modern characteristics of the dual theory of local self-government. The author suggests the interpretation of the dual theory.

Keywords: local self-government, the theory of local self-government; concepts of the Soviet period, public authorities, state authorities, local issues

DEMENTIEV Alexander Nikolaevich, Cand. Sc. (Law), Councilor of state service of the Russian Federation (2nd degree), leading adviser at the Analytical Service of the Administration, Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, e-mail: dahalex@mail.ru


Olga BAKHLOVA

Regional integration: a theoretical problem of inversion and modeling experience

The article analyzes the problems of theoretical interpretation and modeling integration processes at the regional level. The basic characteristics of the theory of regional integration at the present stage are shown. The conclusion about the predominance of Eurocentrism in the theory and practice of regional integration is made. It is indicated that it is impossible to borrow a certain system during the process of integration of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Keywords: regional integration, integration model, political union, integration system, integration theory, geopolitical control, centre

BAKHLOVA Olga Vladimirovna, Dr. Sc. (Polit.), Professor, the chair of world history and world political process, Mordovian State University named after N.P. Ogarev, e-mail: olga.bahlova@gmail.com

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS

Evgeny BUKHVALD

Spatial factors of innovative economy formation in Russia

The article summaries basic approaches to innovative economy forming. The paper emphasizes special importance of its spatial factors. It is stressed that in Russia the considerable role of these factors is determined by significant economic differentiation of its regions and specific features of the countrys federal structure. The paper puts the question of strengthening the regional governing link in forming the preconditions of innovative development of national economy.

Keywords: innovative economy, spatial factors of its formation, regional segment of national innovative system, innovative policy of subjects of Federation

BUKHVALD Evgeny Moiseevich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Head of the sector of regional policy and local self-management, Centre for Research of Federal Relations, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: buchvald@inecon.ru


Nataliya ZVEREVA, Vladimir ARKHAGELSKIY

Modern fertility policy in Russia: preliminary results and outlook

The first results of the Concept of Population Policy in sphere of fertility in Russia are presented. The conclusion is drawn that new policy measures have brought the expected effect, additional measures are proposed which can resist possible fertility reduction (new demographic wave).

Keywords: fertility, nuptuality, population policy, measures of population policy, fertility rate

ZVEREVA Nataliya Viktorovna, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor at the chair of population, Department of Economics, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, e-mail: zvereva52@yandex.ru
ARKHAGELSKIY Vladimir Nikolaevich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Head of the sector, Center of population research, Department of Economics, Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, e-mail: archagelsky@yandex.ru

FICAL FEDERALISM

Lyudmila LYKOVA

Regional problems of profit taxation

The paper examines the role of profit tax revenues in regional budgets, tax authorities of regional governments in the sphere of administration of the profit tax and its elements as well as the problems connected with the implementation of these authorities.

Keywords: profit tax, tax authorities, tax incentives, transfer prices

LYKOVA Lyudmila Nikitichna, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, chief researcher of the Center for real sector studies, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: av181997@comtv.ru


Milyausha PINSKAYA

Instruments for harmonizing tax relations in federal states

The article deals with the problem of tax relations harmonization, notably tax interests of public-law entities in federal states. The author analyzes the reasons for immaturity of the Russian federalism model and proposes tax relations harmonization instruments designed to ensure the maintenance of federal system sustainability.

Keywords: tax relations harmonization, tax federalism, tax competition, financial equalization, federal budget, local budgets

PINSKAYA Milyausha Rashitovna, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Associate professor, the chair of taxes and taxation, Finance Academy under the Government of RF, e-mail: MPinskaya@yandex.ru

PAST. PRESENT. FUTURE

irill FURSOV

Russian Turkestan and British India in the economic system of colonialism

The article is devoted to the problem of economic policy of the two largest empires of the modern times in their respective main colonies in the second half of the 19th early 20th century. The author analyzes the imperial policy in the principal spheres of Turkestan's and India's colonial economy (agriculture, industry, infrastructure, taxes, customs, foreign trade and finance) and delineates similarities and differences in the economic policy of the two empires.

Keywords: empire, colony, colonialism, national bourgeoisie, economic policy, economic history

FURSOV irill Andreevich, Cand. Sc. (Hist.), Senior scientific researcher, Centre for methodological and historical and economic research, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: rabhasa@rambler.ru


Larissa KAZANINA

Stolypin's reforms of institutions and structures of government and self-government as viewed by Russian liberals

The article presents the views of leading Russian liberal parties in the beginning of XX century on Stolypin's program of reforming the systems of government and local self-government. Having analyzed publications in the mass media, the author comes to the conclusion that Russian liberals criticized the most vulnerable aspects of the reform, thus they formed the negative public opinion towards them. It played an important role in aversion of Stolypins variant of Russias modernization.

Keywords: Stolypin's reforms, Russian liberals

KAZANINA Larissa Yur`yevna, Cand. Sc. (Hist.), Associate professor, Novomoskovsky Institute, Russian Chemical-technological University named after D. I. Mendeleyev, e-mail: kobra@newmsk.tula.net


Serjena DUGAROVA

Historiography of genesis of the Mongolian state

The article is devoted to the phenomenon of the Mongolian nomadic statehood. The author presents the historiographic analysis in the field of studying the genesis of nomadic statehood. The article also deals with the questions of revealing preconditions of formation of the nomadic state, the relation of internal and external factors, the definition of the term the state and its characteristics. These questions are considered actual by Russian and Oriental scientists, including Mongolian ones.

Keywords: Mongolia, Chinghis Khan' Yasa, state, ulus

DUGAROVA Serjena Zhigmitovna, Cand. Sc. (Hist.), Assistant professor, the chair of theory and history of law and state, Buryat State University, e-mail: dugarova_s@mail.ru

FOREIGN EXPERIENCE

Andrey OSTROVSKIY

China's economy in the world financial crisis (implications for Russia)

The author analyzes basic measures of PRC economic policy in 20082009 under conditions of growing world financial crisis. China had to solve a difficult task of continuing economic reforms in the country while fighting with the world financial crisis. But the results of social and economic development in 2009 proved that China managed to solve these problems. There are some implications for Russia which could be useful in dealing with the consequences of the world economic crisis.

Keywords: Chinese model of economic reforms, world financial crisis, stimulation of home demand, openness in foreign economic relations, program of 10 points, export demand, China, Russia

OSTROVSKIY Andrey Vladimirovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Deputy Director, Institute for Far Eastern Studies, RAS, Head of the Center for Chinese Social and Economic Studies, e-mail: ostrovski@ifes-ras.ru


Alexey SHURUBOVICH

The economy of Belarus in conditions of the world crisis

The article analyzes the impact of the world financial crisis on the economy of Belarus. The features and main manifestations of the crisis as well as anti-crisis measures and their results are considered. The role of international cooperation in counteracting the crisis and prospects of its overcoming are investigated.

Keywords: crisis, Belarus, economic indicators, anti-crisis measures, international cooperation, prospects

SHURUBOVICH Alexey Viktorovich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), leading researcher, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: shurubovich@transecon.ru


Alexandra YAKUSHEVA

Ukrainian regions in cross-border cooperation

The article considers the present-day cross-border cooperation between regions of Ukraine, Russia and the EU. Tendencies of Ukraines foreign trade with its major partners are studied at the regional level. Necessary measures for intensification of cross-border interaction, which is an important tool of regional development, are suggested.

Keywords: Ukrainian regions, cross-border cooperation, euro-regions

YAKUSHEVA Alexandra Evgenievna, Junior research fellow, Center for problems of Russian economy globalization, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: alexandra.yakusheva@gmail.com

ANALITICAL NOTES

Sergey TALANOV

The problem of juvenile delinquency prevention in Central Federal District: sociological dimension

Special attention is paid to the issues of increasing effectiveness of juvenile delinquency prevention in the Central Federal District. The author uses the results of sociological research of the criminal cases about the crimes by the under-aged people. The main directions to reduce minor delinquency are offered.

Keywords: delinquent, juvenile delinquent, delinquency prevention, minor neglect

TALANOV Sergey L'vovich, Cand. Sc. (Sociol.), Associate professor, the chair of political and social sciences, Yaroslavl State Teachers` Training University, e-mail: talanov_sergei@mail.ru

YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Kamyl BEKSULTANOV

The grant as a tool of interbudgetary regulation

The article considers one of the most important directions of improving interbudgetary relations replacement of non-target (block) grant mechanisms with the system of subsidies. It is noted that subsidies possess such advantages as a strict goal-oriented nature, opportunity of stronger control, stimulation of corresponding expenditures of regions and municipalities beneficiaries of subsidies. The paper argues that the advantages of subsidies are most fully realized through program-target methods of budgeting.

Keywords: interbudgetary regulation, grants, subsidies, co-financing of budget expenditures, program-target methods of governing, budgeting

BEKSULTANOV Kamyl Beksultanovich, Seeker of the Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: kamil.beksultanov@minregion.ru


Nikolay VASILIEV

System of sources of ecological danger

The article considers the problems of the system approach to sources of ecological danger. Different approaches to notions of ecological danger and ecological safety are analyzed. It is concluded that in Russia the whole system of sources of ecological danger has been established.

Keywords: source of ecological danger; ecological safety; system; dangerous properties of the person

VASILIEV Nikolay Alexandrovich, post-graduate, Khakass State University named after N.F. Katanov, e-mail: buddist84@rambler.ru


Philipp MAYEVSKIY

Cloud computing and its role in the world of information technologies

Basing on N. Kondratievs theory of long waves, the author describes possible causes of the global financial crisis and notes that we are experiencing a time of "innovation pause. Cloud computing technology could serve as a force of changes, which can give a new impetus to information technologies development.

Keywords: information technologies, Internet, innovation pause, online service, cloud computing

MAYEVSKIY Philipp Valerievich, Bachelor, State University Higher School of Economics, -mail: pvmajev@gmail.com


Valentina MIKITJUK

Timber industry complex in the development strategy of the Arkhangelsk region

The article examines development priorities of the Arkhangelsk region economy on the example of timber industry complex. The paper illustrates basic development directions of these regional economy branches in the post-crisis period. The main instruments of the state support policy for timber industries are presented.

Keywords: Arkhangelsk region, regional economy development strategy, timber industry complex

MIKITJUK Valentina Anatolyevna, seeker of the All-Russia Correspondence Financial and Economic Institute, e-mail: mikityuk@atknet.ru

REVIEW

Sergei RAZIN

"Perestroika" and "strife" at "People and Power in Russian Strife" international roundtable discussions

The article is dedicated to the "People and Power in Russian Strife" international roundtable discussions of perestroika and other systemic crises in Russian society held at the Institute of Sociology, RAS. Discussion materials are presented against the background of modern historiography of Russian strives and revolutions.

Keywords: perestroika, power, people, Russian strife, systemic crisis, revolution, mass consciousness, political elites, political parties

RAZIN Sergei Yur'evich, Senior lecturer, the chair of social sciences, Institute for the Humanities and Arts and Informational Technologies, e-mail: razin_sergei@mail.ru