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"FEDERALIZM" #3 (55) 2009

REGIONS AND CENTRE

Anatoly ARTAMONOV

Development strategy of Kaluga region

The article deals with the aims and contents of the development strategy for Kaluga Region economy. It presents brief analysis of the problems which, having been sold, would give the opportunity to start the reconstruction of the regional economy and its re-orientation at the innovation development. The mechanisms, used for this goal, are systematized. The tasks to be solved in future are emphasized.

Keywords: Kaluga Region, strategic planning, region, innovation, innovation economy, competitive advantages of the region, investments, investment areas

ARTAMONOV Anatoly Dmitrievich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Governor of Kaluga Region, e-mail: admgub@adm.kaluga.ru


Vladimir LEKSIN

The first global crisis on the territory of Russia: Regional estimation

In the paper specific features of the current crisis situation in Russia are shown, that has been caused by global crisis combined with lasting more than twenty-year systemic crisis of the national economy. They manifest themselves extremely unevenly in regions and municipalities of the country. Evaluation of anti-crisis measures taken by federal, regional and local authorities is given. The reasons for differences in the relationship of the centre and regions during the crisis of 1998 and the current one are shown.

Keywords: crisis, anti-crisis measures, federal centre, regions, cities

LEKSIN Vladimir Nikolaevich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), professor, head of research division at the Institute for Systems Analysis, RAS, professor of the State University - Higher School of Economics, e-mail: leksinvn@yandex.ru

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS

Aleksandr SHVETSOV

Forecasting regional development: goals, methods, problems

Forecasting methods in the system of instruments for perspective planning of socio-economic development of regions and municipalities are considered. Official methods and economic models are discussed. The concept of regional foresight and conditions for its dissemination are considered.

Keywords: forecasting methods, regional development, regional foresight

SHVETSOV Aleksandr Nikolaevich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Deputy Director, Institute for Systems Analysis, RAS, e-mail: san@isa.ru


Alexander TCHERTKOV

Territorial aspect of legal maintenance of social and economic development of Russia

The article analyzes the problems of legal regulation of territorial development of the Russian Federation in the context of tasks, which are contained in the "Concept-2020". It formulates the proposals related to legislative maintenance of the growing role of regions and macroregions in innovative development of economy. The problems and prospects of the perfection of RF subjects' structure are considered.

Keywords: legal maintenance of territorial planning, territorial development strategy, priorities of regional policy, macroregion, subjects' structure of the Russian Federation

TCHERTKOV Alexander Nikolaevich, Cand. Sc. (Law), scientific researcher, Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, e-mail: federal@izar.ru


Victor GAVRILOV, Sergei IVANOVSKI

The problems of reliable appraisal of regional agricultural potential

The article reveals the essence of the notion "regional economic potential". It presents the method of appraising the potential of arable lands and its calculation on the example of Moscow Region. The factors and possibilities which determine growth of the agricultural potential of the subject of Federation are also considered.

Keywords: economic potential of region, method of appraisal, agricultural potential

GAVRILOV Victor Petrovich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), leading scientific researcher, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: spark_sun@mail.ru
IVANOVSKI Sergei Ivanovich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), leading scientific researcher, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: S.Ivanovski@mail.ru


Nikolay MIRONOV

Local communities and local authorities: confidence or alienation?

The article reviews the results of surveys of social activity of local communities and their perception of local government as a public institute conducted in 2008-2009. The reasons of their low social activity are revealed. The conclusion is grounded that only strong local governments accountable to the population are capable to raise social activity in the country, promote development of civil society and democratic culture.

Keywords: municipalities, local communities, business-communities, political activity, civil society

MIRONOV Nikolay Mikhailovich, Head of analytical department, All-Russia Council of Local Authority, e-mail: mironov-nik@mail.ru

FICAL FEDERALISM

Evgeny BUKHVALD, Albert IGUDIN

The application of performance budgeting at the regional and local levels

The article summarizes the first steps in application of the performance budgeting system in the budget process in the Russian Federation and resumes the prospects of this work at the sub-federal level of budgetary system. The article argues for simplicity and transparency in methods of evaluation of budget expenditures' efficiency in view of the limited personnel, organizational and information opportunities of regional and especially of local financial bodies. The authors underline the necessity of "step by step" introduction of performance budgeting methods. The special accent is made on the feedback mechanisms of the performance budgeting with the current system of budgetary planning and management.

Keywords: performance budgeting; sub-federal budgets; budget services; budget management

BUKHVALD Evgeny Moiseevich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), professor, Head of the Sector of Regional Policy and Local Self-management, Centre of Economics of Federal Relations, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: buchvald@inecon.ru
IGUDIN Albert Grigor'evich, Dr. Sc. (Econ), Head of the Budget Policy Center, Financial Research Institute, Academy of Budget and Treasury, Russian Federation Ministry of Finance, e-mail: Igudin@mail.ru


Milyausha PINSKAYA

Enhancing tax methods of sub-federal budgets setting

The paper considers the particular features of forming regional and local budgets by means of own tax sources and inter-budget transfers. The author proposes the measures which are focused on reaching the optimal balance between equalization of fiscal capacity and creation of incentives to strengthen the income base of sub-federal budgets.

Keywords: regional and local budgets, Gini index, fiscal capacity, tax potential, inter-budget transfers, corporate profits tax, personal income tax

PINSKAYA Milyausha Rashitovna, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), associated professor of the Chair of Taxes and Taxation, Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education "Finance Academy under the Government of the Russian Federation", e-mail: MPinskaya@yandex.ru

FOREGN EXPERIENCE

Leonid VARDOMSKY, Artem PYLIN

Branch and regional features of anti-crisis policy in Ukraine

The article considers the features of financial and economic crisis in Ukraine. It argues that the important factors of the crisis are great dependence of the national financial system on exports of metals and machine-building production, strong dependence on the Russian market and the market of EU. The paper shows that the crisis has most strongly hit the industrial east of Ukraine.

Keywords: Ukraine, global financial and economic crisis, the anti-recessionary program, the Memorandum on the conditions of allocation of the credit, the gas conflict, regions

VARDOMSKY Leonid Borisovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), Professor, Head of the Centre for comparative studies of transformation processes, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: wardom@yandex.ru
PYLIN Artem Vladimirovich, Postgraduate student, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: artem_pylin@yamdex.ru


Natalia YERYOMINA

Federalism: financial and economic aspects (Russian-British parallels)

The article deals with the key aspects of a federative model's formation in Great Britain on the example of Scotland and the reformation processes of federalism in the Russian Federation. The author defines the general and peculiar features, analyzing the centre-regions-local authorities models in the two states. It allows to reveal the main issues for Russia's development as a federative state and forecast trends in the framework of centre-regions relationships in the United Kingdom.

Keywords: Federalism, federalization, decentralization, devolution, fiscal federalism

YERYOMINA Natalia Valer'evna, Associate Professor of the European Studies Chair, Department of International Relations, St.-Petersburg State University, e-mail: nerem78@mail.ru

PAST. PRESENT. FUTURE

George GLOVELI

Eurasian topogenesis and geocultural standards of economic reforms in Russian history

The article analyzes the influence of Eurasian topogenesis on the status of the Russian empire - the USSR in the capitalistic world-economy. It shows that this status remained semi-peripheral in spite of the efforts of the power (monarchist and then Soviet) to reform economic system on the basis of introducing the experience of geo-cultural models of those countries that succeeded in taking stand in the main body of the world-system.

Keywords: Semi-periphery, catching up development, Germany, USA, Denmark, industrial and agricultural syndicates "overtillness", cooperation, state capitalist monopoly, national economical dirigisme

GLOVELI George Jemalovich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.). Associate professor, Head of the sector of the history of economic thought, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: Gloveli@mail.ru


German MATSIEVSKY

Major stages of realization of public policy on revival of modern Russian Cossacks

The article analyzes the major stages of public policy on revival of Russian Cossacks from the second half of the 1980-s up to the present and the logic of their interaction with authorities of various levels. Having passed the way from cultural and educational communities up to the Cossack societies, the Cossacks' revival movement has turned to be partially integrated in the wheels of the state. Thus it has lost many features of both its political and cultural and historical originality.

Keywords: The Cossacks, the Cossacks' revival, public policy

MATSIEVSKY German Olegovich, Cand. Sc. (Hist.) Associate professor, the department of humanitarian and social disciplines, Head of the research sector, Stary Oskol Branch, Voronezh State University, e-mail: matsievski2004@mail.ru

ANALITICAL NOTES

Yakov KAYL

Standardization of the state services as the basic tool of the efficient control

The article proves the necessity of perfecting the practice of rendering state services to citizens and juridical persons in the Russian Federation. The paper proposes to carry the standardization of these services. The author formulates the set of principles and mechanisms of transition to a new model of rendering state services.

Keywords: state services, standards of state services, quality of services, inefficient services

KAYL Yakov Yakovlevich, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), Associate professor of the Chair of management, Volgograd State University, e-mail: kayl@mail.ru


Sergey TALANOV

Problems of delinquency prevention among minors in Yaroslavl Region

Problems and prospects of public authorities and local government cooperation with law enforcement agencies of Yaroslavl Region in order to provide law enforcement and social prevention of delinquency among minors are observed in this article. The author offers main activities to reduce juvenile delinquency.

Keywords: delinquent, juvenile delinquent, delinquency prevention, minor neglect

TALANOV Sergey L'vovich, Cand. Sc. (Sociol.), senior lecturer, Chair of Political and Social Sciences, Yaroslavl State Teachers' Training University e-mail: talanov_sergei@mail.ru


Leonid NESTEROV, Anastasiya KOLCHUGINA

Features of the international comparisons of social development

The article analyzes the basic results of the cross-country comparisons of aggregate indicators of changes in the number of population and the outcomes of their economic development. On the basis of calculations of future dynamics of population growth and gross domestic product which have been carried out by the international organizations together with national statistical services, possible characteristics of social and economic development of the basic groups of countries are defined.

Keywords: number of population, gross domestic product, cross-country comparisons, forecasting calculations, basic groups of countries

NESTEROV Leonid Ivanovich, Dr. Sc. (Econ.), professor, leading researcher of the Center for Economics of Federal Relations, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: Kolchugina@inecon.ru
KOLCHUGINA Anastasiya Vladimirovna, Cand. Sc. (Econ.), researcher of the Center for Economics of Federal Relations, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: Kolchugina@inecon.ru

YOUNG SCIENTISTS

Dmitry LIKHANOV

Financial problems of municipal formations in conditions of reforming of local self-management

This article reveals the problems that rural settlements have encountered because of changes in budgetary legislation. It is also noted that changes in tax and budgetary legislation in 2006-2008 have led to increasing centralization of sources of income in favor of federal and regional budgets. It is offered to raise the level of tax yields assigning to municipal budgets.

Keywords: reform, budget, self-management, grant, tax, dependence

LIKHANOV Dmitry Alexandrovich, Postgraduate student, Omsk Humanitarian Academy, e-mail: kru12@oblfu.omsknet.ru


Roman LUGOVSKOY

Anti-crisis plan of measures of developing enterprise activity in the sphere of St.-Petersburg commerce

The problems of development of enterprise activity in the sphere of St.-Petersburg commerce services under crisis conditions are considered. Anti-crisis measures of regulating commerce in the region which realization will promote the decision of strategic problems of the city and commerce development are offered.

Keywords: business, commerce, trade, regional strategy, anti-crisis measures

LUGOVSKOY Roman Andreevich, Postgraduate student, St.-Petersburg Institute of Commerce and Economy, e-mail: rlugovskoy@yandex.ru


Leonid PERTSOV

The problems of increasing effectiveness of regional social and economic development programs

The application of regional and municipal social and economic development programs is viewed from the standpoint of methodology and administrative legislation. We emphasize the problem of coordination of social and economic development programs with development strategies, problem-oriented programs and other instruments of regional and municipal governance.

Keywords: governance, social economic development program, program measure, strategic planning, coordination

PERTSOV Leonid Vladimirovich, Postgraduate student, Institute of Economics, RAS, e-mail: pertsov.leonid@gmail.com


Vladimir RUKIN

Problems of managing steady development of rural territories

Steady development of agricultural territories is associated with the necessity of developing local self-government, creation of the administrative system which fully considers the specificity of rural communities and promotes realization of their initiatives. The importance of coordination and cooperation between three levels of realization of administrative functions is thus underlined.

Keywords: sustainable development, management system, rural areas

RUKIN Vladimir Alexeevich, Seeker, Tambov State University named after G.R. Derzhavin, e-mail: rva@top.tambov.gov.ru


Alexei FEDOROV

The experience of establishing housing committees in 1917

Relying on the little-known archive sources, the author considers the experience of establishing housing committees in 1917. He arrives at the conclusion that they appeared not only as a result of objective historical preconditions, but presented, though weak, attempts of social self-organization in a city.

Keywords: revolution of 1917, social policy, housing problem, housing committee

FEDOROV Alexei Nikolaevich, Postgraduate student, Institute of Russian History, RAS; e-mail: ale15226656@yandex.ru